Direct Speech / QuoIndirect SpeechSaying exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech).Here what a person says appears within quotation marks ("...") and should be word for word. Indirect Speech / Reported SpeechIndirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word.When transforming sentences from direct into indirect speech, you have to change:pronouns; place and time expressions; tenses (backshift).
Indirect speech is introduced by verbs of communication: to agree, to announce, to answer, to approve, to argue, to ask, to breathe out, to call, to claim, to confess, to confute, to contradict, to counter, to cry out, to declare, to demand, to disagree, to disapprove, to exclaim, to explain, to groan, to grumble, to hint, to implore, to inquire, to interrogate, to mention, to murmur, to mutter, to notice, to order, to plead, to proclaim, to propose, to refuse, to rejoin, to remark, to repeat, to reply, to report, to respond, to retort, to say, to scream, to shout, to state, to suggest, to try to find out, to want to know, to utter, to whisper, to wonder, to yell.
You are pretty. You are so intelligent. You dance so well. You've got [have got] lovely hair. I'll never forget this day. He said I was pretty. He said I was so intelligent. He said I danced so well. He said I had got lovely hair. He said he would never forget that day.
Do you like ballet? Have you ever been to Boston? He asked me if/whether I liked ballet. He asked me if/whether I had ever been to Boston.
Where do you study? What are you reading? When will we meet again? Why don't you stay longer? He asked me where I studied. He asked me what I was reading. He asked me when I should meet him again. He asked me why I didn't stay longer.
Give me your telephone number, please. Ring me up tomorrow. Help me to translate an article from English! He asked me to give him my telephone number. He asked me to ring him up the next morning. He asked me to help him to translate an article from English.
*W hen a Yes/No question is asked in direct speech, then use a construction with if or whether. If a WH question is asked, then use the WH to introduce the clause.
now here this, these today tomorrow yesterday next week next year last week last year then there that, those that day the following daythe previous daythe following weekthe following yearthe previous weekthe year before