Тема: Прямая и косвенная речь Direct and Reported Speech Утверждения Урок 8 класс Unit 3 “Mass Media: Good or Bad”.
Цель: 1. Обеспечить работу по формированию грамматических навыков: познакомить с грамматическим материалом по теме “Reported Speech”; обеспечить тренировку нового грамматического материала в языковых и речевых упражнениях. 2. Развивать умение анализировать и сопоставлять новое грамматическое явление с аналогичным по смыслу и назначению грамматическим явлением в родном языке. 3. Развитие аудитивных навыков и умений учащихся с опорой на видеосюжет.
Direct Speech and Reported (Indirect) Speech DIRECT SPEECH is the exact words someone said. (это буквальная передача чьего либо высказывания) “I work here as a waiter,” John said. REPORTED SPEECH is the exact meaning of what someone said, but not the exact words. (передача прямой речи в виде пересказа) Jack said that he liked to play football.
При изменении прямой речи в косвенную соблюдаются Правила согласования времен. Present Tenses Direct Speech Mother says, Present Simple __ “I go to work every day.” Present Simple Indirect Speech Mother says, Present Simple (that) Подлеж. Сказ. Второстеп. чл. she goes to work every day. Present Simple
Если глагол, вводящий прямую речь, употреблен в одном из прошедших времен, то глагол придаточного предложения заменяется глаголом также в одном из прошедших времен. Изменение времен происходит по следующей схеме: Present Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect- Progressive V / VS Write am, is, are + Ving am writing have / has + V3 have written have / has been +Ving have been writing Past V2 / Ved wrote was / were Ving was writing had + V3 had written had been + Ving had been writing Past Simple V2 /V ed Past Perfect had + V3
Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect Progressive Future Future in the Past will + V will write Will be + Ving Will be writing Will have + V3 will have written Will have been + Ving Will have been writing would + V Would write would be + Ving would be writing would have + V3 would have written would have been + Ving would have been writing
Past Tenses Direct Speech Mother said, Past Simple __ “I go to work every day.” Present Simple Indirect Speech Mother said, Past Simple (that) Подлеж. Сказ. Второстеп. чл. she went to work every day. Past Simple (Present Simple →Past Simple)
Изменение модальных глаголов в косвенной речи Direct Speech Can Could May Might Be to Have to Must Should Ought Need Dare Indirect Speech Could Had been able to Might Might Was / were to Had to Must, Should Ought Needed Dared
Time expressions Direct speech tonight today this week now yesterday last night tomorrow next week two days ago Reported speech that night that day that week then, at that time the day before/the previous day the previous night the day after the following week/the next week two days before
Ex. 78.(видеозапись). Watch the video “He says he’s lost his voice.” Read the dialogue. Find out sentences with reported speech. Dad says he’s lost his voice. He says it isn’t a joke. He says he went to the football match last night. He says he would like some toast with honey.
Ex. 80. Say the following statements in reported speech. 1. My grandpa said that we might buy a car the following year. 2. The librarian said that books written in English-speaking countries were sold everywhere. 3. The publisher said the mass media may become even more powerful in the following century. 4. My cousin says that he likes travelling from time to time. 5. The doctor said that you had to take your medicine twice a week. 6. The farmer said that it would rain that day. 7. Our teacher said that some time before no one had known about computers. 8. Andy says that it’s really amazing to read CD books. 9. Sharon’s mother told me that Sharon was going to come there the next day. 10. Margaret says that she doesn’t feel lonely thanks to the books she loves. 11. Regina said that she had found some fantastic information on the Internet that morning. 12. My elder sister asked what was on that night.
Литература Вся грамматика английского языка с упражнениями /сост. И.М. Гиндлина.- М.: «Родин и компания», ООО «Фирма «Издательство АСТ», 2000. " Enjoy English" -8класс: учебник англ. яз. для 8 класса ./ М.З . Биболетова, О.А. Денисенко, Н.Н. Трубенова. - Обнинск: Титул,2011г Касимова Г.Г. Поурочные разработки по английскому языку к УМК Биболетовой М.З. и др." Enjoy English ":8 класс.- М.: ВАКО,2010. Нестандартные уроки английского языка 8 класс./сост. З.А. Ефанова.- Волгоград: ИТД «Корифей», 2006- 112с