PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY. How Does It Work?
The theme: Western democracies. Are they democratic? The theme of the lesson: Parliamentary Democracy. How does it work? (2 урок – презентация) Цели: Познавательный аспект: знакомство с основами парламентского государства, с конституционной монархией. Развивающий аспект: развитие умения понимать схемы Воспитательный аспект: осознание понятия «демократия». Учебный аспект: расширение лексики по теме, формирование лексических навыков чтения. Речевой материал: monarch, the House of Commons, the House of Lords, the Official Opposition, the Shadow Cabinet, minister, a department, a constitution, a prime minister, to coordinate, to control, to vote on.
What do you think “democracy” means? People do what they want. People rule the country. People do what they want in framework of law. People elect their representatives to rule the country. People elect the head of state directly People say what they think. People can live in any place they choose. The head of state guarantees the rights of citizens. All people and authorities follow the constitution
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. Who rules the country in fact? The monarch or Parliament? What functions do the representatives of power perform? Do the people elect the Prime Minister directly? What does each branch of power and each institution do? Which institution exercises the power of the people in Britain?
Who rules the country in fact? The monarch or Parliament? The MONARCH is the official head of state and integral part of Parliament in her constitutional role has mostly representative functions; gives the royal assent to the bills passed by the House of Commons and the House of Lords; is the head of the Commonwealth of Nations; officially appoints Prime Minister; officially appoints life peers
The Government is responsible to the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is the head of government is the leader of the party with the majority seats in the House of Commons chooses the Cabinet chooses Non-Cabinet Ministers The Cabinet consist of 20 ministers determines government policies coordinates government departments
Parliament consists of The House of Commons makes laws discuses political problems The Official Opposition is the largest opposition party forms the Shadow Cabinet The House of Lords examines and revises bills from the House of Commons can delay bills for one year
The People elect the House of Commons
What functions do the representatives of power perform? The queen signs the bills The queen has the mostly representatives functions The government representatives the executive branch of power. The Cabinet is responsible for government policies. Parliament represents the legislative branch of power. The House of Commons controls the government. The House of Lords has the power to delay bills for one year The Cabinet coordinates the work of the government departments