Use of articles with place names ContinentsCities MountainsOrganizationsBuildings…and other stuff
No Pains No Gains! Hello, guys! Today we continue dealing with the biggest absurdity of English grammar ─ articles. The use of the articles is one of the most difficult points in the language. Fortunately, most article mistakes do not matter to much. Even if we leave all the articles out of a sentence, it can usually be understood.However, it’s better to use the articles correctly if possible. (popular wisdom again)
So, let’s start…Let’s start with a history exam paper of one really smart guy The Egyptians were an ancient race of Caucasians residing in one of the northern sections of Africa. The latter as we all know is the largest continent in the Eastern Hemisphere. The Egyptians are extremely to us today for various reasons. Modern science would still like to know what the secret ingredients were that the Egyptians used when they wrapped up dead people so that their faces would not rot for innumerable centuries… [Holden Caulfield. “The Cather in the Rye” by J.D.Salinger]
As you can see there are some place names used in this text.The moment of truth: with some words we use the, with the others – not.Reasonable question: how come? The EgyptiansCaucasiansAfricaThe Eastern Hemisphere
Time of boring rules Remember!We do not normally use the with place names
Don’t forget about the exceptions!The AntarcticThe ArcticThe Argentine(but Argentina)The CrimeaThe NetherlandsThe HagueThe RivieraThe Ruhr
Streets, roads, squares and addresses: Oxford Street, Fifth Avenue, 24 North StreetParks: Hyde Park, Waterloo BridgeBuildings and institutions(the first word is the name of a person or a place): Kennedy Airport, Victoria Station, London Zoo But we say the White House, the Royal Palace
Mountains: Everest, Etna, KilimanjaroBays: Hudson Bay, Biscay BayIslands: Corsica, Sicily, Bermuda, MaltaRemember, buddy!We use mount and lake without the:Mount Everest, Mount Etna, Lake Superior
We use the
Names of the countries with the words kingdom, republic, states, union: the United Kingdom, the Dominican RepublicOceans, seas, rivers, canals: the Atlantic (Ocean), the Channel, The NileDeserts: the Sahara, the GobiGroups of islands: the Bahamas, the CanariesMountain ranges: the Alps, the Himalayas
Hotels, restaurants, pubs: the Station Hotel, the Hilton, the Red LionTheatres, cinemas: the Palace Theatre, the Odeon CinemaMuseums, galleries: the British Museum, the Tate GalleryNewspapers: the Washington Post, the GuardianOrganizations: the European Community, the BBC
Now it’s time for some practice You are just supposed to do some exercises… and that’s all!Be attentive!Be cool!Be smart!Use your brains!
A, an, the or nothing? Choose the right answer. 1. Is __ Everest the highest mountain in the world?2. Have you ever gone skiing in __ Alps?3. There is __ Egyptian in my new class.4. What is the capital of __ Netherlands?5. He graduated from __ Yale University in 1997.6. They spent two months at __ Lake Ontario last year.
7. Brazil is the largest country in __South America.8. __ Nile is the second-longest river in the world.9. __ Fifth Avenue separates the East Side of Manhattan from the West Side10. Amundsen and his companions reached __ South Pole on December 14, 1911.11. Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia are in __ Eastern Hemisphere.12. Visitors to __ Guggenheim Museum view paintings from a spiral ramp that goes from the main level to the top of the building.
Answers 1. Is Everest the highest mountain in the world?2. Have you ever gone skiing in the Alps?3. There is an Egyptian in my new class.4. What is the capital of the Netherlands?5. He graduated from Yale University in 1997.6. They spent two months at Lake Ontario last year.7. Brazil is the largest country in South America.8. The Nile is the second-longest river in the world.9. Fifth Avenue separates the East Side of Manhattan from the West Side10. Amundsen and his companions reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911.11. Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia are in the Eastern Hemisphere.12. Visitors to the Guggenheim Museum view paintings from a spiral ramp that goes from the main level to the top of the building.
Here are some geography questions. Use the if necessary Where’s Argentina?Of which country is Stockholm the capital?What is the smallest continent in the world?Which is the longest river in South America?Which river flows through London?Of which country is Bangkok the capital? South AmericaSwedenAustraliaThe AmazonThe ThamesThailand
The КонецThanks for attention!Alexei Buckovtsov’s presentationAll rights reserved