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Презентация на тему: Passive voice


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Презентация на тему: Passive voice


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№ слайда 1 Passive voice Active: S + V + OPassive: S + Be + PP(V3ed) + by + O (tense)EX: My
Описание слайда:

Passive voice Active: S + V + OPassive: S + Be + PP(V3ed) + by + O (tense)EX: My father planted this tree last year.This tree was planted by my father last year.

№ слайда 2 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Present TenseActive: S + V(s
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Present TenseActive: S + V(s/es) + OPassive: S + am/is/are + PP + by + OEX: He reads books every day.Books are read (by him) every day.

№ слайда 3 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Present Continuous TenseActive: S +
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Present Continuous TenseActive: S + am/is/are + V-ing + OPassive: S + am/is/are + being +PP + by + OEX: He is writing a novel at the moment.A novel is being written (by him) at the moment.

№ слайда 4 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Present Perfect TenseActive: S + Ha
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Present Perfect TenseActive: S + Has/Have + V3ed + OPassive: S + has/have + been +PP + by + OEX: He has just finished a novel.A novel has just been finished (by him).

№ слайда 5 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Past TenseActive: S + V2ed +
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Past TenseActive: S + V2ed + OPassive: S + was/were + PP + by + OEX: He gave Tom a book.A book was given to Tom (by him).Tom was given a book (by him).

№ слайда 6 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Past Continuous TenseActive: S + wa
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Past Continuous TenseActive: S + was/were + V-ing + OPassive: S + was/were + being + PP + by + OEX: He was writing a letter at 8.00 yesterday.A letter was being written (by him).

№ слайда 7 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Past Perfect TenseActive: S + had +
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Past Perfect TenseActive: S + had + V3ed + OPassive: S + had + been + PP + by + OEX: He had finished his homework before 8.00 yesterday.His homework had been finished (by him) before 8.00 yesterday.

№ слайда 8 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Future TenseActive: S + will
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Simple Future TenseActive: S + will/shall + V + OPassive: S + will/shall + be + PP + by + OEX: He will finish the homework.The homework will be finished.

№ слайда 9 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Future Continuous TenseActive: S +
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Future Continuous TenseActive: S + will/shall + be + V-ing + OPassive: S + will/shall + be + being + PP + by + OEX: Tom will be cooking lunch at 10.00 tomorrow.Lunch will be being cooked by Tom at 10.00 tomorrow.

№ слайда 10 TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Future Perfect TenseActive: S + wil
Описание слайда:

TABLE OF ENGLISH TENSES IN PASSIVE VOICE The Future Perfect TenseActive: S + will/shall + have + V3ed + OPassive: S + will/shall + have + been + PP + by + OEX: By the end of next week, he will have written 10 letters to her. By the end of next week, 10 letters will have been written to her.

№ слайда 11 MODAL VERBS (MV) IN PASSIVE VOICE Modal Verbs can be used in either the present
Описание слайда:

MODAL VERBS (MV) IN PASSIVE VOICE Modal Verbs can be used in either the present or past forms.Active: S + MV (not) + V + OPassive: S + MV (not) + Be + PP + by + OEX: We can’t solve this problem.This problem can’t be solved.

№ слайда 12 PASSIVE VOICE WITH CAUSATIVE FORM Active: S + Has/Have + O1 + V (BI)+ O2 S + Get
Описание слайда:

PASSIVE VOICE WITH CAUSATIVE FORM Active: S + Has/Have + O1 + V (BI)+ O2 S + Get + O1 + V (to-infinitive) + O2Passive: S + Has/Have/Get + O2 + PPEX: My father had Tom wash his car.My father had his car washed by Tom

№ слайда 13 OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE Verbs of liking/loving/wanting/wi
Описание слайда:

OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE Verbs of liking/loving/wanting/wishing + Object + infinitive form their passive with the passive infinitive.Active: S + V + O1 + to-infinitive + O2Passive: S + V + O + To Be + PPEX: He wants someone to take photographs. He wants photographs to be taken.

№ слайда 14 Such verbs as “have/let/make/hear/see/watch/feel/ observe” are used in the follo
Описание слайда:

Such verbs as “have/let/make/hear/see/watch/feel/ observe” are used in the following passive structure:Active: S + V + O + V (BI)Passive: S + To Be + PP + to-InfinitiveEX: The gravity makes things drop down.Things are made to drop down by the gravity.Note: The verb following “let” does not bear “to” in the passive sentence.

№ слайда 15 OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE With advise/beg/order/recommend/u
Описание слайда:

OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE With advise/beg/order/recommend/urge + Indirect Object + Infinitive + Object, we have two ways of making the passive voice.<1>Active: S + V + O1 + to-infinitive + O2 Passive: S + To Be + PP + to-infinitive + O2 EX: He urged the Council to reduce the tax.The Council was urged to reduce the tax.

№ слайда 16 OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE With advise/beg/order/recommend/u
Описание слайда:

OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE With advise/beg/order/recommend/urge + Indirect Object + infinitive + Object, we have two ways of making the passive voice.<2>Active: S + V + O1 + to-infinitive + O2 Passive: S1 + V + that + S2 + should be + PP EX: He urged the Council to reduce the tax.He urged that the tax should be reduced.

№ слайда 17 OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS AFTER THE PASSIVE VERB After acknowledge/assume/be
Описание слайда:

OTHER INFINITIVE COMBINATIONS AFTER THE PASSIVE VERB After acknowledge/assume/believe/claim/consider /estimate/feel/find/know/report/say/think /understand …, we use the infinitive construction.Simple Infinitive: if the time in the infinitive passive is the same as that of the main active verb.

№ слайда 18 Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O)Passive: It + To Be + PP + that + S2 + V2
Описание слайда:

<1>Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O)Passive: It + To Be + PP + that + S2 + V2 + (O) EX: People said that he was jealous of her.It was said that he was jealous of her.

№ слайда 19 Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O)Passive: S+ To Be + PP + to + V+ (O) EX: P
Описание слайда:

<2>Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O)Passive: S+ To Be + PP + to + V+ (O) EX: People said that he was jealous of her.He was said to be jealous of her.

№ слайда 20 Perfect Infinitive: if the time in the infinitive passive is earlier than that o
Описание слайда:

Perfect Infinitive: if the time in the infinitive passive is earlier than that of the main active verb.<1>Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O)Passive: It + To Be + PP + that + S2 + V2 + (O) EX: People say that he was jealous of her.It is said that he was jealous of her.

№ слайда 21 Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O)Passive: S+ To Be + PP + to have + PP + (O
Описание слайда:

<2>Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O)Passive: S+ To Be + PP + to have + PP + (O) EX: People say that he was jealous of her.He is said to have been jealous of her.

№ слайда 22 OTHER GERUND COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE With advise/insist/propose/recommend/
Описание слайда:

OTHER GERUND COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE With advise/insist/propose/recommend/suggest + Gerund + Object Active: S + V + V-ing + O Passive: S + V + that + S + should be + PP EX: He recommended using bullet-proof glass. He recommended that bullet-proof glass should be used.

№ слайда 23 OTHER GERUND COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE Active: S + V + O + V-ing Passive: S
Описание слайда:

OTHER GERUND COMBINATIONS IN PASSIVE VOICE Active: S + V + O + V-ing Passive: S + V + Being + PP + by + O EX: I remembered my father taking me to the zoo. I remember being taken to the zoo by my father.

№ слайда 24 Active: S + V + To-inf + O Passive: S + V + To Be + PP + by + O EX: She started
Описание слайда:

Active: S + V + To-inf + O Passive: S + V + To Be + PP + by + O EX: She started to learn English 5 years ago.English started to be learnt 5 years ago. Active: S + V + V-ing + O Passive: S + V + Being + PP + by + OEX: She started learning English 5 years ago.English started being learnt 5 years ago.

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