The Big Three Names of the Renaissance in THE pictorial artLATSKOVA LIZA 9B form
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)• Trained in Florence.• Is best known as a painter, but did absolutely everything else as well.• Studied human anatomy, via dissection (completely illegal, unless one was a physician), and used the knowledge of such to glorify man.• Believed only in that which he could observe.• Had a Duke (of Milan) as his first patron.• Painted beautiful women, most of whom seemed to be enjoying delicious secrets.• Disliked Michelangelo, but was somewhat of a mentor (albeit unseen) to Raphael.• Worked in Rome from 1513 to 1516.• Was commissioned by Pope Leo X.
A Bear Walking,1490Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452–1519)
Study of horse from Leonardo's journal
Head of a Woman in Profile to Lower Left (Italy, 1452–1519)
Annunciation (1475–1480) is thought to be Leonardo's earliest complete work.Annunciation (1475–1480) is thought to be Leonardo's earliest complete work.
Mona Lisa or La Gioconda (1503–1505)—Louvre, Paris, France
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564)• Trained in Florence.• Is best known as a painter and sculptor, but worked in architecture and wrote poetry as well.• Studied human anatomy, via dissection (completely illegal, unless one was a physician), and used the knowledge of such to glorify God.• Believed deeply and devoutly in God.• Had a Medici (Lorenzo) as his first patron.• Painted women who looked a lot like men with breasts slapped on.• Intensely disliked Leonardo, but was somewhat of a reluctant mentor to Raphael.• Worked in Rome 1496-1501, 1505, 1508-1516 and from 1534 until his death in 1564.• Was commissioned by Popes Julius II, Leo X, Clement VII, Paul III Farnese, Clement VIII and Pius III.
Raphael (1483-1520):• Trained in Umbria, but studied in Florence (where he picked up his draftsmanship and compositional skills by studying Leonardo and Michelangelo's works).• Is best known as a painter, but worked in architecture as well.• Studied human anatomy only to the extent that his figures were proportionately correct.• Believed in God, but didn't alienate the Humanists or Neo-Platonists.• Had, as his first patrons, those who actually wanted either Leonardo or Michelangelo (whose time, respectively, was being monopolized by their patrons), but settled for Raphael.• Painted beautiful, gentle, calm women in a courteous manner.• Idolized Leonardo and managed to get along with Michelangelo (no mean feat, that).• Worked in Rome from 1508 until his death in 1520.• Was commissioned by Popes Julius II and Leo X.
Probable self-portrait drawing by Raphael in his teens