What do prepositions do? Tell Location: under, above, on, behindTell Direction: to, toward, aroundIntroduce a Time: in, on, atTell Purpose: for, about, withAlmost always followed by a noun or a pronoun:This present is for you.The book is about George Washington.Their house is around the corner.
Some common prepositions: About, above, across (from), against, along, among, around, at Behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, byDown, during, except, for, from, in, inside, intoNear, of, off, on, onto, outside, over, pastThrough, to, toward, under, up, with, without
In, On, At … Three Little Words…Three Big Headaches In, on, at + location In (inside) On (on the surface, touching) At (physically present, but not necessarily inside)
What is correct? In, on, or at? ________ room 104________ the first floor________ MiraCosta College________ Mission Avenue________ 1831 Mission Avenue________ Oceanside________ California________ the United States________ North America________ planet Earth________ the world________ work________ church________ school________ home
General rules for In, On, At + location In +A roomA cityA stateA countryA continent On +FloorStreet At +BuildingsEventsAddressFamiliar places (home, school, work)
In, On, At + Time What is correct? In, on, or at? __________ 6 p.m__________ Friday__________ January__________ Friday, Jan. 13__________ the morning__________ night__________ the evening__________ midnight__________ noon__________ 2006__________ a few minutes__________ two days__________ the 21st Century__________ the summer__________ the weekend
General rules for In, On, At + location In + length of timeMonthYearSeasonCentury On + a more specific time DayDate At + most specific point in timeClock time
Tricky ones…What is the correct preposition? I had a funny dream (with, about) you last night.The book was written (for, by) a famous author.I like to talk (in, on) the phone.I am (in bed, on the bed).He is mad (at, about) his girlfriend.She is (in, at) the hopital.I am (in, at) school.Please throw that book (at, to) me.
A word about phrasal verbs A phrasal verb is a verb + a prepositionMany are idiomatic expressionsSome examples:I put on my shoes. =They put off studying. =We put up with her annoying behavior. =She took off early. =He got stood up by his blind date. =**