Capital: New Delhi Capital: New Delhi Area: 3.3 Million sq. km Climate: Tropical. There are four seasons: winter (December-February) summer (March-June) monsoon season (June-September) post monsoon season (October-November) Population: 1,166 million Nationality : Indian Religion: Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists. Language: There are 22 different languages in India. Hindi is an Official Language. English is the second language. Border Countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh. Independence: 15th August 1947 Government: The President of India is the Head of the State. The Prime Minister is the Head of the Government.