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Презентация на тему: American Indians


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Презентация на тему: American Indians


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№ слайда 4 Algonquian language is closely related to the Anishinaabe language or a particul
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Algonquian language is closely related to the Anishinaabe language or a particularly divergent Anishinaabe dialect. It is spoken, alongside French and to some extent English, by the Algonquin First Nations of Quebec and Ontario. Algonquian language is closely related to the Anishinaabe language or a particularly divergent Anishinaabe dialect. It is spoken, alongside French and to some extent English, by the Algonquin First Nations of Quebec and Ontario.

№ слайда 5 Is a proposed Native American language family which includes the Athabaskan lang
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Is a proposed Native American language family which includes the Athabaskan languages, Eyak, Tlingit, and possibly Haida. The connection of Haida to the other languages is controversial. Is a proposed Native American language family which includes the Athabaskan languages, Eyak, Tlingit, and possibly Haida. The connection of Haida to the other languages is controversial.

№ слайда 6 Languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest (the Canadian provin
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Languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana). They are characterised by agglutinativity and astonishing consonant clusters Languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana). They are characterised by agglutinativity and astonishing consonant clusters

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№ слайда 9 A peace pipe, also called a calumet or medicine pipe, is a ceremonial smoking pi
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A peace pipe, also called a calumet or medicine pipe, is a ceremonial smoking pipe used by many Native American tribes, traditionally as a token of peace. A peace pipe, also called a calumet or medicine pipe, is a ceremonial smoking pipe used by many Native American tribes, traditionally as a token of peace. A type of herbal tobacco or mixture of herbs was usually reserved for special smoking occasions, with each region's people using the plants that were locally considered to have special qualities or a culturally condoned basis for ceremonial

№ слайда 10 An independent origin and development of writing is counted among the many achie
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An independent origin and development of writing is counted among the many achievements and innovations of pre-Columbian American cultures. The region of Mesoamerica produced a number of indigenous writing systems from the 1st millennium BCE onwards. What may be the earliest-known example in the Americas of an extensive text thought to be writing is by the Cascajal Block. The Olmec hieroglyphs tablet has been indirectly dated from ceramic shards found in the same context to approximately 900 BCE, around the time that Olmec occupation of San Lorenzo began to wane. An independent origin and development of writing is counted among the many achievements and innovations of pre-Columbian American cultures. The region of Mesoamerica produced a number of indigenous writing systems from the 1st millennium BCE onwards. What may be the earliest-known example in the Americas of an extensive text thought to be writing is by the Cascajal Block. The Olmec hieroglyphs tablet has been indirectly dated from ceramic shards found in the same context to approximately 900 BCE, around the time that Olmec occupation of San Lorenzo began to wane.

№ слайда 11 It is a primal calendar earlier than any european calendar. It is a primal calen
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It is a primal calendar earlier than any european calendar. It is a primal calendar earlier than any european calendar. It is ending in 2012 year so a lot of scientist thought that it will be the end of World. It is also work of art showing maia'sbelieves.

№ слайда 12 Indians were pacefull people but they had to sometimes fight. The main reasons o
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Indians were pacefull people but they had to sometimes fight. The main reasons of war were: Indians were pacefull people but they had to sometimes fight. The main reasons of war were: -they want to protect their lands -show their power human sacrifing Often used tactics of subsidiary war, was attacked from concealments. In fights, but certain part played tactics, especially esteemed former individual skills and courage. In fight as important as victory, was honourable death.

№ слайда 13 Weapons Of Indians before arrival Of Europeans was enough poor - consisted usual
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Weapons Of Indians before arrival Of Europeans was enough poor - consisted usually from bow and arrows, or knives ( stone or copper), hatchets ( tomahawks) and of spears. From regard on lack effective centres of communication( with exception of boat) warriors were planning to go on war with little charge, beginning from oneself only weapons. One used tactics of subsidiary war, one attacked from concealments. Weapons Of Indians before arrival Of Europeans was enough poor - consisted usually from bow and arrows, or knives ( stone or copper), hatchets ( tomahawks) and of spears. From regard on lack effective centres of communication( with exception of boat) warriors were planning to go on war with little charge, beginning from oneself only weapons. One used tactics of subsidiary war, one attacked from concealments.

№ слайда 14 Aztecs Aztecs Apaches Sioux Lakota Komanches Blackfeet Chejens Nawaho
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Aztecs Aztecs Apaches Sioux Lakota Komanches Blackfeet Chejens Nawaho

№ слайда 15 Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, partic
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Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic period in Mesoamerican chronology Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic period in Mesoamerican chronology

№ слайда 16 Main city of Aztecs culture and capital of their country which was built by Atah
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Main city of Aztecs culture and capital of their country which was built by Atahualpa.It was one of the most amazing cities in the world. The most important building was god of sun temple. Main city of Aztecs culture and capital of their country which was built by Atahualpa.It was one of the most amazing cities in the world. The most important building was god of sun temple.

№ слайда 17 Unfortunately this amazing city was damaged by spanish conquistadors so no pictu
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Unfortunately this amazing city was damaged by spanish conquistadors so no picture is based on authentic views of this city. Unfortunately this amazing city was damaged by spanish conquistadors so no picture is based on authentic views of this city.

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№ слайда 20 Human sacrifice is the act of homicide (the killing of one or several human bein
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Human sacrifice is the act of homicide (the killing of one or several human beings) in the context of a religious ritual (ritual killing). Its typology closely parallels the various practices of ritual slaughter of animals (animal sacrifice) and of religious sacrifice in general. Human sacrifice has been practiced in various cultures throughout history. Victims were typically ritually killed in a manner that is supposed to please or appease gods, spirits or the deceased, for example as a propitiatory offering, or as a retainer sacrifice when the King servants die in order to continue to serve their master in the next life. Human sacrifice is the act of homicide (the killing of one or several human beings) in the context of a religious ritual (ritual killing). Its typology closely parallels the various practices of ritual slaughter of animals (animal sacrifice) and of religious sacrifice in general. Human sacrifice has been practiced in various cultures throughout history. Victims were typically ritually killed in a manner that is supposed to please or appease gods, spirits or the deceased, for example as a propitiatory offering, or as a retainer sacrifice when the King servants die in order to continue to serve their master in the next life.

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№ слайда 22 "Wanting Peace" a panmesoamerican shaman God, omnipotent universal pow
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"Wanting Peace" a panmesoamerican shaman God, omnipotent universal power. "Wanting Peace" a panmesoamerican shaman God, omnipotent universal power.

№ слайда 23 "Left handed Hummingbird", the tribal God of Tenochtitlan, god of war
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"Left handed Hummingbird", the tribal God of Tenochtitlan, god of war and sacrifice "Left handed Hummingbird", the tribal God of Tenochtitlan, god of war and sacrifice

№ слайда 24 means "Cloud Serpent", the tribal God of many of the Nahua people such
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means "Cloud Serpent", the tribal God of many of the Nahua people such as the Tlaxcalteca, god of war, sacrifice and hunting means "Cloud Serpent", the tribal God of many of the Nahua people such as the Tlaxcalteca, god of war, sacrifice and hunting

№ слайда 25 means "Jade Her Skirt", Goddess of springs means "Jade Her Skirt&
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means "Jade Her Skirt", Goddess of springs means "Jade Her Skirt", Goddess of springs

№ слайда 26 Apache is the collective name for several tribes related groups of Native Americ
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Apache is the collective name for several tribes related groups of Native Americans in the United States. These indigenous peoples of North America speak a Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language, and are related linguistically to the Athabaskan speakers of Alaska and western Canada. The modern term Apache excludes the related Navajo people. Apache is the collective name for several tribes related groups of Native Americans in the United States. These indigenous peoples of North America speak a Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language, and are related linguistically to the Athabaskan speakers of Alaska and western Canada. The modern term Apache excludes the related Navajo people.

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№ слайда 29 are Native American and First Nations people. The term can refer to any ethnic g
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are Native American and First Nations people. The term can refer to any ethnic group within the Great Sioux Nation or any of the nation's many dialects. are Native American and First Nations people. The term can refer to any ethnic group within the Great Sioux Nation or any of the nation's many dialects.

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№ слайда 31 are a Native American tribe. They are part of a confederation of seven related S
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are a Native American tribe. They are part of a confederation of seven related Sioux tribes (the Oceti Sakowin or seven council fires) and speak Lakota, one of the three major dialects of the Sioux language. are a Native American tribe. They are part of a confederation of seven related Sioux tribes (the Oceti Sakowin or seven council fires) and speak Lakota, one of the three major dialects of the Sioux language.

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№ слайда 34 Crazy Horse Crazy Horse Atahualpa Sat Okh Sitting Bull
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Crazy Horse Crazy Horse Atahualpa Sat Okh Sitting Bull

№ слайда 35 Crazy Horse (Lakota: Thašuŋka Witko, literally "His-Horse-is-Crazy") (
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Crazy Horse (Lakota: Thašuŋka Witko, literally "His-Horse-is-Crazy") (ca. 1840 – September 5, 1877) was a respected war leader of the Oglala Lakota, who fought against the U.S. federal government in an effort to preserve the traditions and values of the Lakota way of life. Crazy Horse (Lakota: Thašuŋka Witko, literally "His-Horse-is-Crazy") (ca. 1840 – September 5, 1877) was a respected war leader of the Oglala Lakota, who fought against the U.S. federal government in an effort to preserve the traditions and values of the Lakota way of life.

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№ слайда 37 Borned in August 29, 1533, was the last sovereign emperor of the Tahuantinsuyu,
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Borned in August 29, 1533, was the last sovereign emperor of the Tahuantinsuyu, or the Inca Empire. He became emperor upon defeating his older half-brother Huáscar in a civil war sparked by the death of their father, Inca Huayna Capac, from an infectious disease thought to be smallpox. During the Spanish Invasion, the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro crossed his path, captured Atahualpa, and used him to control the Inca empire. Eventually, the Spanish executed Atahualpa by garrote, ending the Inca Empire Borned in August 29, 1533, was the last sovereign emperor of the Tahuantinsuyu, or the Inca Empire. He became emperor upon defeating his older half-brother Huáscar in a civil war sparked by the death of their father, Inca Huayna Capac, from an infectious disease thought to be smallpox. During the Spanish Invasion, the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro crossed his path, captured Atahualpa, and used him to control the Inca empire. Eventually, the Spanish executed Atahualpa by garrote, ending the Inca Empire

№ слайда 38 Sat Okh ("Long Feather"), also known as Stanisław Supłatowicz (April 1
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Sat Okh ("Long Feather"), also known as Stanisław Supłatowicz (April 15, 1920 in Canada – July 3, 2003 in Gdańsk) was a Polish-Shawnee soldier and writer. Sat Okh ("Long Feather"), also known as Stanisław Supłatowicz (April 15, 1920 in Canada – July 3, 2003 in Gdańsk) was a Polish-Shawnee soldier and writer. He was born and raised near Mackenzie river in North-Western Territory of Canada, to a Polish mother, Stanisława Supłatowicz, and a Shawnee Indian, chief of the tribe - Leoo-Karko-Ono-Ma (Tall Eagle). He was educated in tracking, hunting, living with nature.

№ слайда 39 Lakota: Tataŋka Iyotaŋka or Ta-Tanka I-Yotank, also nicknamed Slon-he or "S
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Lakota: Tataŋka Iyotaŋka or Ta-Tanka I-Yotank, also nicknamed Slon-he or "Slow"; ca. 1831 – December 15, 1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux holy man, born near the Grand River in South Dakota and killed by reservation police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him and prevent him from supporting the Ghost Dance movement. Lakota: Tataŋka Iyotaŋka or Ta-Tanka I-Yotank, also nicknamed Slon-he or "Slow"; ca. 1831 – December 15, 1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux holy man, born near the Grand River in South Dakota and killed by reservation police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him and prevent him from supporting the Ghost Dance movement.

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