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Презентация на тему: Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply


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Презентация на тему: Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply


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№ слайда 1 Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply 29 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2012 by T
Описание слайда:

Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply 29 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

№ слайда 2 Aggregate Demand Real GDP desired at each price levelInverse relationshipReal ba
Описание слайда:

Aggregate Demand Real GDP desired at each price levelInverse relationshipReal balances effectInterest effectForeign purchases effect LO1 29-*

№ слайда 3 Aggregate Demand Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD LO1 0 29-*
Описание слайда:

Aggregate Demand Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD LO1 0 29-*

№ слайда 4 Changes in Aggregate Demand Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1 AD3 AD2 LO
Описание слайда:

Changes in Aggregate Demand Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1 AD3 AD2 LO1 0 29-*

№ слайда 5 Consumer Spending Consumer wealthHousehold borrowingConsumer expectationsPersona
Описание слайда:

Consumer Spending Consumer wealthHousehold borrowingConsumer expectationsPersonal taxes LO1 29-*

№ слайда 6 Investment Spending Real interest ratesExpected returnsExpectations about future
Описание слайда:

Investment Spending Real interest ratesExpected returnsExpectations about future business conditionsTechnologyDegree of excess capacityBusiness taxes LO1 29-*

№ слайда 7 Government Spending Government spending increasesAggregate demand increases (as
Описание слайда:

Government Spending Government spending increasesAggregate demand increases (as long as interest rates and tax rates do not change)More transportation projectsGovernment spending decreasesAggregate demand decreasesLess military spending LO1 29-*

№ слайда 8 Net Export Spending National income abroadExchange ratesDollar depreciationDolla
Описание слайда:

Net Export Spending National income abroadExchange ratesDollar depreciationDollar appreciation LO1 29-*

№ слайда 9 Aggregate Supply Total real output produced at each price levelRelationship depe
Описание слайда:

Aggregate Supply Total real output produced at each price levelRelationship depends on time horizonImmediate short runShort runLong run LO2 29-*

№ слайда 10 AS: Immediate Short Run Real domestic output, GDP Price level ASISR Qf Immediate
Описание слайда:

AS: Immediate Short Run Real domestic output, GDP Price level ASISR Qf Immediate-short-runaggregate supply P1 0 LO2 29-*

№ слайда 11 Aggregate Supply: Short Run Real domestic output, GDP Price level 0 Qf AS Aggreg
Описание слайда:

Aggregate Supply: Short Run Real domestic output, GDP Price level 0 Qf AS Aggregate supply(short run) LO2 29-*

№ слайда 12 Aggregate Supply: Long Run Real domestic output, GDP Price level ASLR Qf 0 Long-
Описание слайда:

Aggregate Supply: Long Run Real domestic output, GDP Price level ASLR Qf 0 Long-runaggregatesupply LO2 29-*

№ слайда 13 Changes in Aggregate Supply Determinants of aggregate supplyShift factorsCollect
Описание слайда:

Changes in Aggregate Supply Determinants of aggregate supplyShift factorsCollectively position the AS curveChanges raise or lower per-unit production costs LO2 29-*

№ слайда 14 Changes in Aggregate Supply Real domestic output, GDP Price level AS1 AS3 AS2 0
Описание слайда:

Changes in Aggregate Supply Real domestic output, GDP Price level AS1 AS3 AS2 0 LO2 29-*

№ слайда 15 Input Prices Domestic resource pricesLaborCapitalLandPrices of imported resource
Описание слайда:

Input Prices Domestic resource pricesLaborCapitalLandPrices of imported resourcesImported oilExchange rates LO2 29-*

№ слайда 16 Productivity Real output per unit of inputIncreases in productivity reduce costs
Описание слайда:

Productivity Real output per unit of inputIncreases in productivity reduce costsDecreases in productivity increase costs LO2 Per-unit production cost = total input cost total output Productivity = total output total inputs 29-*

№ слайда 17 Legal-Institutional Environment Legal changes alter per-unit costs of outputTaxe
Описание слайда:

Legal-Institutional Environment Legal changes alter per-unit costs of outputTaxes and subsidiesExtent of government regulation LO2 29-*

№ слайда 18 Equilibrium Real domestic output, GDP(billions of dollars) Price level (index nu
Описание слайда:

Equilibrium Real domestic output, GDP(billions of dollars) Price level (index numbers) 10092 502 510 514 a b AD AS Real Output Demanded(Billions) Price Level(Index Number) Real OutputSupplied(Billions) $506 108 $513 508 104 512 510 100 510 512 96 507 514 92 502 0 LO3 29-*

№ слайда 19 Increases in AD: Demand-Pull Inflation Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1
Описание слайда:

Increases in AD: Demand-Pull Inflation Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1 AS P1 P2 Q2 Q1 Qf AD2 0 LO4 29-*

№ слайда 20 Decreases in AD: Recession Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1 AS P1 P2 Q1
Описание слайда:

Decreases in AD: Recession Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1 AS P1 P2 Q1 Q2 Qf AD2 c a b 0 LO4 29-*

№ слайда 21 Decreases in AS: Cost-Push Inflation Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD AS
Описание слайда:

Decreases in AS: Cost-Push Inflation Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD AS1 P1 P2 Q1 Qf AS2 a b 0 LO4 29-*

№ слайда 22 Increases in AS: Full-Employment Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1 AS2 P
Описание слайда:

Increases in AS: Full-Employment Real domestic output, GDP Price level AD1 AS2 P1 P2 Q2 Q1 AS1 b AD2 c P3 Q3 a 0 LO4 29-*

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