THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF THE USA
Government Presidential Republic50 states, centralized government in WashingtonSeparation of powers
Separation of powers Executiveleading the affairs of the stateCabinet - President - Vice President - 15 ministers Legislativeenacting and discussing lawsCongress - House of Representatives (435) - Senate (100) JudiciaryPushing through the lawsSupreme Court (=highest judicial body)
State Government Each State has its own separate government There are 3 branchesState governorState legislativeState court ResponsibilitiesPoliceEducationTransportSocial WelfareHealth
Congress:Power of the purseCan override presidential veto(2/3 majority)Power of impeachmentSenate approves treaties and the president’s appointments Supreme Court:Power to declare laws and presidential actionsunconstitutional The President:Power to vetoIssues executive ordersCommander-in-chiefAppoints Federal JudgesGrants Pardons for offenses against the US
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. It is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States. The United States Constitution is the oldest written constitution (when defined as a single document) still in use by any nation in the world.
Political Parties Republican PartyThey believe in low taxationAnd little interference from the Federal Government. The encourage individuals to work hard and do not like welfare.A party for the rich and Middle Class.
Republican Presidents Dwight Eisenhower1953-61 Richard Nixon1969-74 Gerard Ford1974-77
Political Parties Democratic Party Believe it is the governments duty to distribute wealth Evenly. They introduce higher taxation and welfarebenefits.Their support comes from urban areas and minorities.
Democrat Presidents John F Kennedy 1961-63 Lyndon B Johnson 1963-68 Jimmy Carter 1977-81 Harry Truman1945-53
Democrats and RepublicansAnd Their Voters Democrats supported by majority of black voters (Clinton 83%) Urban ethnicsBlue collar workersCatholicsMore women votersNortheast, upper midwest, northwest, Hawaii Protestant votersBusiness communityWhite collar workersReligious fundamentalists
Democrats and Republicans and Their Policies DemocratsSupport welfare programsKeynesian economics and job creating programsSocial security, Medicare and MedicaidCivil Rights legislationWomen’s right to abortion RebublicansLimiting federal regulation of businessReduction in welfare spendingAnti-abortion
Presidential elections Plurality voting system: „The winner takes all!“Election of a party in form of electorsElected electors represent the opinion of their state in the „Electoral College“The party with the most votes gets all the electoral votes of this state -> The parties have to look that they win in the states with a high amount of electors.
Problem Parties and candidates try to get as many as possible votes in states with a high amount of electors and ignore the othersThe party with more than 270 electoral votes wins, though an other one has more votes of the people in fact (f.e. Bush vs. Gore)
Barack Obama was elected the 44th President of the United States on Tuesday, November 4, 2008Democratic Partyis the first Black Man ever elected to the highest office in the United States
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