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Презентация на тему: The American Political System


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Презентация на тему: The American Political System


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№ слайда 1 The American Political System
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The American Political System

№ слайда 2 Background The Declaration of Independence 1776 The War of Independence 1776-178
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Background The Declaration of Independence 1776 The War of Independence 1776-1783 The American Constitution 1789 Federal government and state govmts. Division of power Checks and balances

№ слайда 3 State and Federal System Historically state and local government came first. The
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State and Federal System Historically state and local government came first. The states have their own legislative, executive and judicial institutions State and local government control important areas like: Highways State income tax Public schools and universities Police and fire departments Regulate business and supervise commercial affairs The Federal system of government controls: Foreign policy, defense and monetary policy Areas that cannot be regulated locally and statewise: interstate commerce, interstate crime, interstate environmental problems etc.

№ слайда 4 The Legislative Branch: Congress Passes legislation and appropriates money The H
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The Legislative Branch: Congress Passes legislation and appropriates money The House of Representatives 435 members –according to the size of the state 2-year term

№ слайда 5 The Executive Branch: The Presidency 4-year term - max two 4-year terms Protects
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The Executive Branch: The Presidency 4-year term - max two 4-year terms Protects the Constitution Proposes legislation Enforces the laws made by Congress Commander in Chief of the armed forces Appoints judges to Supreme Court (with the consent of the Senate)

№ слайда 6 The Executive Branch: The Cabinet No mention of it in the Constitution Subordina
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The Executive Branch: The Cabinet No mention of it in the Constitution Subordinate to the President Cabinet members recruited broadly, not necessarily party insiders

№ слайда 7 The Supreme Court 9 members Life term appointment Interprets and guards the Cons
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The Supreme Court 9 members Life term appointment Interprets and guards the Constitution Interprets the law Decisions of the Supreme Court are final In general it plays a conservative role, maintaining legal tradition

№ слайда 8
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№ слайда 9 Elections and Political Parties Winner-take-all-election system The Electoral Co
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Elections and Political Parties Winner-take-all-election system The Electoral College Two party system- both appealing to the middle of the political spectrum Balancing the ticket (President and Vice president) Voting patterns: splitting the ticket Voting for individuals rather than party slate

№ слайда 10 The Electoral College Representatives of the people in presidential elections 53
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The Electoral College Representatives of the people in presidential elections 534 electors, corresponding to the numbers of Representatives and Senators 270 electoral votes guarantee the Presidency Each state votes as a single block (minus Nebraska and Maine) winner takes all Importance of Swing States and the big states

№ слайда 11 Democrats and Republicans And Their Voters Democrats supported by majority of bl
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Democrats and Republicans And Their Voters Democrats supported by majority of black voters (Clinton 83%) Urban ethnics Blue collar workers Catholics More women voters Northeast, upper midwest, northwest, Hawaii

№ слайда 12 Democrats and Republicans and Their Policies Democrats Support welfare programs
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Democrats and Republicans and Their Policies Democrats Support welfare programs Keynesian economics and job creating programs Social security, Medicare and Medicaid Civil Rights legislation Women’s right to abortion

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