Political systems of the world and the Nenets autonomous okrug / Политические системы мира и Ненецкого автономного округаПреподаватель английского языкаКопейкина Н.А., ГОУ СПО Архангельской области «Ненецкий аграрно-экономический техникум», г. Нарьян-Мар
Цели занятияАктивизация знаний по теме «Политические системы»Закрепление лексического минимумаЗнакомство с политической системой региона
Phonetic exercise/t/ – state, system, political system, minister, cabinet, constitution, parliament, government, senate;/r/ – prime, the prime-minister, majority,problem, rule, represent, responsible, democracy, democratic, congress, administration, secretary, president, vice-president;/w/ – work, power, branch of power.
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“Great Britain. Political system”
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy. This means that Great Britain is governed by the Parliament and the Queen is the Head of State. She has mostly representative functions.
Legislative ExecutiveJudicial There are three branches of power in Great Britain:
The legislative branch of power is exercised by the Houses of Parliament which consists of two chambers:The legislative branch of power is exercised by the Houses of Parliament which consists of two chambers:
The executive power is exercised by Prime Minister and his Cabinet. The Government is usually formed by the political party which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons. The Prime Minister chooses ministers and forms Cabinet. There are two political parties in Great Britain: the Conservative and the Labor Party.
The judicial branch of power determines common law and is independent of both the legislative and the executive branches.There is no written Constitution in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Political system of the USA
The head of the state is the President who is elected by the people. The President must be at least 35 years old and must have lived in the USA for at least 14 years. The United States of America is a presidential Republic.B. Obama a real president since January 2009. In the USA two main political parties fight for the power: the Democratic Party and Republican Party.
There are 3 branches of power in this country:
the House of Representatives (435 members), and Senate (100 members-two from each state). The job of the Congress is to make laws. It can also impeach the President.
The executive branch.The president and his Administration represent the executive branch of the federal government. The executive branch puts the country’s laws into effectThe president can veto a bill, can ask the Congress to declare war, he also appoints the justices to the Supreme Court and do his job according to the Constitution.
The judicial branch.The judicial branch of government is the system of courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country.
“Russia. The political System”
The head of state is the president and is elected directly by the people every four years and cannot serve more than two terms. The President is commander in chief of the armed forces; he makes treaties, enforces laws, and appoints ministers. In fact he has much power.Russia is a presidential republicD.A. Medvedev
The Federal government consists of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. The Federal governmentLegislativeExecutive JudicialEach of them is checked and balanced by the President.
The legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly. It consists of 2 chambers:The Council of FederationEach chamber is headed by the Speaker: the Council of Federation – by Sergei Mironov, the State Duma – by Boris Grizlov. The State DumaA bill becomes a law if it is approved by both chambers and signed by the President.Boris GrizlovSergei Mironov
The executive power in Russia belongs to the Government. The president appoints it’s head - the Prime minister. There are many political parties in our country: The Democratic, the Communist, the Liberal and many others. V. Putin- the Prime minister.
1. How many branches does the US Government have? a) three b) four c) five 2. Where does the Congress meets in ?a) the White House b) the Pentagon c) the US Capitol 3. What is the official head of the state in the UK?a) the Queen b) the Prime Minister c) Parliament 4. What does the Queen do with the bills? a) signs b) votes on c) passes 5. What branch of power does the Government of the UK represent? a) legislative b) representative c) executive
6. Who guarantees the basic rights of the people in Russia?a) the President b) the Duma c) the Federal Assembly7. Who elect the members of the Federal Assembly. a) the Government b) the people c)the President8. Is the Chairman in Russia elected, invited or appointed? 9. Who makes laws in the UK?a) The House of Commons b) the House of Lords c) the Cabinet10. Who In Russia can declare laws unconstitutional? a) The President b) the Supreme Court c) the Constitutional Court 11. Where does the British Prime Minister seat in?a) The House of Lords b) the House of Commons.
HometaskTo tell about the political system in the NAO.
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