Mariana TrenchBy: Alekseeva YanaClass 11 A
Mariana Trench - the oceanic trench in the western Pacific ocean. It is the deepest place on the Earth. Mariana Trench is called «the fourth pole of the Earth».
People tried to conquer the North and the South poles of the Earth, ascended Mount Everest for many decades, but reach the bottom of the Mariana Trench failed.
In 1951 obtained the first data on the depth, which were made of British ship "Challenger" - 10 863 m. In 1957, scientists found, that a maximum depth of the Mariana Trench - 11 022 m
Representation of depth
Blue Whale dives maximum to 100 meters . It is the largest animal on the Earth.
This is the height of the Ostankino Tower.
The light does not penetrate to a depth below 1,000 meters.
The inhabitants are blind and very old. Water temperature is + 2 °C.
Pressure is greater in 1100 times, than on earth, but life exists on this depth.
The airplane is flying at this height.
If you look at the level of the ocean, the Mariana Trench is located farther than Mount Everest. The only person who sunk to this depth was Don Walsh (1960).
Researchers have found life in the depths of the Mariana Trench. The inhabitants look terrible - octopus-mutant, unusual sea stars and creature a two-meter length.
Examples of animals
Still scientists do not know what is on the depth of the Mariana Trench.They are afraid of monsters and do not understand how they can live? Until this remains a mystery!
Thank you for attention!