Grammar -ing form or infinitive
Contents Prefer, would rather, had betterWatch out! (1)3. Ex. I, Ex. IIInfinitives of purposeWatch out! (2)6. Watch out! (3)Ex. III, IVEx. V
Prefer, would rather, had better
Watch out! We don’t usually say I don’t prefer…. We use I prefer not to…. .Ex. I prefer not to have music on when I’m studying.
Ex.I Each of the words and phrases in bold. Rewrite them correctly. 1. I generally prefer coffee from tea. 2. Do you prefer watching a DVD at home to go to the cinema. 3. I had prefer to meet you a bit later, if that’s all night with you. 4. He’d prefer not have to get up so early tomorrow, but he will if he has to. 5. I’d rather you write your essay in a notebook, to be honest. 6. Would you prefer to get a pizza rather from go out tonight. 7. You would better see a doctor if you’re not feeling well. 8. I had rather be poor and happy than rich and lonely. 9. I’d prefer having an early night tonight, if that’s okay with you. 10. She’d rather starts revising if she wants to do well in the exam next week. 11. Shona prefers to not wear make-up to work.
Ex.II Write one word in each gap. I prefer pop music rock, to be honest.I would prefer to go to the concert tomorrow than on Saturday.I playing the piano on my own performing.I’d rather to that jazz club than a nightclub.I’d you didn’t practise playing the trumpet while I’m trying to study.You’d get tickets soon as they’re running out.I actually prefer to listen to music through speakers; it sounds so much better through headphones.
Infinitives of purpose When we want to talk about someone’s purpose (the reason they do something), we can use: the full infinitive I went to university to avoid getting a job! in order + full infinitive I went to university in order to avoid getting a job! so as + full infinitive I went to university so as to avoid getting a job!
Watch out! We can also express the same idea using so (that).Ex. I went to university so (that) I could avoid getting a job!With a negative purpose we don’t normally use the full infinitive on its own.Ex. I went to university in order not to get a job! I went to university so as not to get a job! I went to university not to get a job! (incorrect!)We can also use so (that) with can and could.Ex. She’s learning English so that she can study in Canada. We moved to London so that we could visit our friends more often.
Watch out! «For…» and «to..»We use for + noun but to + verbEx. I’m going to Spain for a holiday. I’m going to Spain to learn Spanish. Let’s go to the pool for a swim. Let’s go to the pool to have a swim.We can say ….for (somebody) to ( do something).Ex. There weren’t any chairs for us to sit on, so we had to sit on the floor.We can use for + -ing form to say what the general purpose of a thing is.Ex. This knife is only for cutting bread. (or to cut bread.)We can use What ……for? to ask about purpose.Ex. What is this knife for? What did you do that for?
Ex.III Put in to or for. He’s going to France a holiday.You need a lot of experience this job.You need a lot of experience do this job.We’ll need more time make decision.5. I went to the dentist a check-up.6. I had to put on my glasses read the letter. Do you wear glasses reading.I wish we had a garden children play in.Ex.IV Write sentences with so that.
Ex.V Choose the correct form . People appear…………… (learn) in different ways. Some people expect……………………(make) mistakes in their studies and are capable of …………………….(benefit) fromtheir mistakes. They don’t mind…………………………………..(correct) by their teachersand indeed often ask………….. (be) corrected.Others, however, dislike……………….. (make) mistakes. They try to avoid …........ ( do)anything which they might do badly. They would rather………….. (perfect) something in small steps and be sure they have got it right (to; from; that; than)attempt to do a task based on a subject they don’t feel they have finished……………………(explore) yet.Both ways of learning seem (that; to be; as; being) equally valid, but a combination of the two may be the best solution. In (desire; demand; need;order) to learn effectively, students have to remember ……………(take) risks sometimes. But they also have to feel comfortable and secure with what they’redoing so (that; much; as; many) not to become demotivated. All students shouldat least think about ……………………( question) the way that they approach learning.
В презентации использованы: 1.Учебное пособие для подготовки к ЕГЭ поанглийскому языку: Грамматика и лексикаMacmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Grammar and Vocabulary.Авторы: Malcolm Mann Steve Taylore-KnowlesКонсультант: Елена КлековкинаИздательство Macmillan, Oxford, 20062. English Grammar In Use Автор: Raymond MurphyИздательство Cambridge University Press, 1994