Welcome to Kaluga!Егорочкина Марина Николаевнаучитель английского языкаМОУ «Средняя общеобразовательная школа №10 с углубленным изучением немецкого языка» г.Калуга
Contents:From the history of the townSights of KalugaMuseums of KalugaChurches of KalugaCultural life of the townQuiz
From the history of Kaluga Kaluga is аn ancient town with its history and traditions. Kaluga is situated оn the Oka river , which separates the old part of the town from the new one. The population of Kaluga is about 300 000 people . The history of Kaluga dates back to the 14thcentury. It was mentioned for the first time in 1371. At that time it was а small fortress which soon become а beautiful town.
Kaluga took part in all the most important events of history of Russia. In1606-1607 Kaluga was а center of peasant’s war under Ivan Bolotnikov’s leadership. During the Patriotic War of 1812 Kaluga played an important role. It was the main supply base of the Russian army. Kalugians did actively fought at the fronts of the Civil War.
Sights of Kaluga Jury Gagarin Monument.Victory SquareK.Tsiolkovski's Monument
MuseumsObelisk on Tsiolkovski’s Grave.K.Tsiolkovski’s House.In this house the great scientist lived and worked for 30 years (1903-1933). On his death’s first anniversary a museum was opened here. The house was ruined by the Nazis, but it was rebuilt two months after the invasion was over.
Cosmonautics History State Museum.The largest state museum dedicated totally to the space exploration, it was opened on October, 3, 1967. The first stone of the foundation was laid by Y.Gagarin himself.Cosmonautics History State Museum. Interior.
Korobovs’ Chambers.Today one of the expositions of the Museum of Local Lore, History and Economy is place here.Zolotarev’s House.It is an architectural monument of the end of 18th century, probably created by a famous architect M.Kazakov. Nowadays it is home for the Regional Studies Museum.
Churches of KalugaChurch of the Protection on the Ditch.Savior Church over the Top.Constructed in 1700.Cathedral of Trinity. Built in 1818. Project by I. Yasnygin.
Cultural lifeConcert HallThe Drama Theatre named after Lunacharsky.
Kaluga was founded in 1371 13802. The Drama Theatre was founded in 1967 17773. The first stone of Cosmonautic History State Museum was laid in 1961 by Gagarin Tsiolkovsky4. Cosmonautic History State Museum was opened on October,3,1967 October,3,19615. Victory Square was founded in 1960 1967
Егорочкина Марина НиколаевнаУчительанглийского языка МОУ «Средняя общеобразовательная школа №10 с углубленным изучением немецкого языка» г.КалугиМатериал презентации можно использовать на уроках английского языка в 6 кл. по теме «Достопримечательности города», в 7кл. по теме «Как провел каникулы», а также как элементы урока в др. классах. Можно использовать при проведении внеклассных мероприятий, элективных и профильных курсов по краеведению.
Калуга – город мой родной!Калуга – город мой родной!Я преклоняюсь пред тобойЗдесь родилась я и рослаЛюблю я реки и леса.В Калужском крае люди жили.Они всегда бесстрашны были,Они боролись за свободуИ были преданны народу.Я благодарна ей за это.Тут жили многие поэты.В Калуге Жуков родился,Её люблю за это я.В Калуге космос родился.Здесь жизнь всегда рекой текла.И я спасибо говорюЗа неплохую жизнь мою.My Town of KalugaKaluga, my native town I love you and admire my townMy town bore and raised me up I can’t help loving all around Your rivers, woods and stars above And in your region people were They celebrated you with gloryAnd so fearless they wereThat fought for freedom in great warsAnd many poets lived in it I’m greatly thankful for it Great Marshal Zhukov was born hereThat’s why I feel you mach more near You are the Mother of all spaceflights Your life reminds strong river floods And I say thanks, my home town,And once again I never lend you down.
The pride of our town is the outstanding promoter of Russian science and founder of cosmonautics – Tsiolkovsky. The Museum of Space Exploration is known all over the world. The first stone of it was laid by Gagarin, the first space-man, in 1961. Here people can learn the history of cosmonautics. Here you can learn about the latest achievements of our scientists, see sputniks, costumes of cosmonauts.
There are a lot of monuments to the heroes of the Great Patriotic War. Victory Square was founded in 1967 to commemorate the victory over fascism. On holidays it is always overcrowded. It is not surprisingly because here you can see the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with Eternal Flame. And people come here to honour the memory of the fallens. The real attraction of the square is a monument-woman, which stands in the middle of it, holding the symbols of Kaluga: the Oka-river and sputnik. At the foot of the column there are bas-reliefs telling about the heroic deeds of the soviet soldiers.