Computers in our life
The language of computers 50 years ago, people hadn’t heard of computers. And today we cannot imagine our life without them. Computer technology is the fastest-growing industry in the world. The first computer was the size of a minibus and weighed a ton. Today, its jobcan de done by a chip the size of a pinhead. And the revolution is still going on.Very soon we’ll have computers that we’ll wear in our watches or even in our glasses and earrings. Such wearable computers are being developed in the USA.Japan’s biggest mobile - phone company has just released its cleverest product so far, the i - mode, a mobile – phone that allows you to surf the Internet as well as make calls. People are already using their phones tocheck the news, follow the stock market and download the latest jokes, buy cinema tickets and manage their bank accounts.
The next generation of computers will be able to talk and even think for themselves. They will contain electronic 'neural networks'. Of course, they'll be still a lot simpler than human brains, but it will be a great step forward. Such computers will help to diagnose illnesses, find minerals, understand and control the world's money markets, identify criminals and control space travel.Computer revolution is changing our life and our language, too. We are constantly making up new words or giving new meanings to old ones. Most of computer terms are born in Silicon Valley, the world's top computer-science centre.
Computer words Luckily, most computer words are easy to learn and many of them are socolourful.They often make us smile when we first hear them such as snail-mail (traditional post rather than Internet-based mail) or wysiwyg (what-you-see-is-what-you-get).The computer industry is full of young people who think of themselves as very different from traditional business-people in suits. It is a world that avoids heavy scientific-soundinglanguage in favour of words that are simple, fresh, and playful.Above all, it is a culture that promotesuser-friendleness in everything, including its language. This means using simple familiar words to describe technical concepts. For example, it is surely nicer to talk about a mouse,rather than an X-Y position indicator,which is what a computer mouse was originally called.
One reason why computer words are so user-friendly is that many are metaphors, for instance “a computer menu” offers you a list of things to choose from, just like a menu in a restaurant. “A computer virus” spreads quickly and causes harm in the same way as viruses spread disease among people. “The computer memory” holds information, just like people’s memories do.
Can you explain the meaning of the word spam? A special metaphor: spam Some metaphors are quite unique. Perhaps the most colourful computermetaphor is spam. Spam is the trade name of an American brand of tinned cooked meat, widely used during the Second World War when fresh meatwas hard to obtain. Because people had to eat so much of it, it became theobject of many jokes.In the computer world, spam is he Internet equivalent of “junk mail”. Itrefers to messages that we have not asked for and do not want such as advertising. Such messages may be sent to thousands of people at the sametime. This process is called spamming, and people who cause it are known as spammers. Spamming is very much disliked by Internet users, and spammers may find themselves flooded by angry email messages known as flames ( another computer metaphor).Now let us see how well you know computer words!
Close Button A portable storage disk used to store and retrieve data files. Also called a floppy No definition needed -just provide the name of the operating systemsThe small button on the right end of a Windows title bar marked with an "X.”
VirusA programming language that tells browsers how to display Web pages.Computer code that can damage or destroy computer files.The electronic version of junk mail.
Central Processing Unit A trash can that call (files) a user wants to delete. A Web site that allows the user to searchthe Web for sites that relate to a certain subject.No definition needed -just provide the name of the operating systems.
ClickTo make a window as small as possible.To press the left mouse button to select an icon or command.A file that includes information you cantype, edit, view, or save.
Recycle BinA trash can that call (files) a user wants to delete. The main screen that appears after the computer (boots).The window that is currently being used.
Spam Computer code that can damage or destroy computer files.A programming language that tellsbrowsers how to display Web pages.The electronic version of junk mail.
Desktop The small button on the right end of a Windows title bar marked with an "X.”A programming language that tellsbrowsers how to display Web pages.The main screen that appears after the computer (boots).
DocumentA programming language that tells browsers how to display Web pages.A file that includes information you can type, edit, view, or save. The window that is currently being used .
Destination Folder The (folder) that files are being moved to. A portable storage disk used to store and retrieve data files. Also called a floppy. The window that is currently being used .
HTML A Web site that allows the user to search the Web for sites that relate to a certain subject.To press the left mouse button twice in a row without moving the mouse to execute an action.A programming language that tells browsers how to display Web pages.
Are you part of computer revolution? Do the following tasks and find out. 1. Choose an answer — a or b.1.A mouse isA) a small furry animal with a long tailB) a small box used to operate a computer2.To surf isA) to ride on board on the waves of the seaB) to move around the Internet3.A bug isA) a small insectB) an error in a computer program4.A flame isA) a red or yellow burning gas seen when something is on fireB) an unfriendly or rude e-mail
5.To boot isA) to kickB) to start a computer6.A geek [gi:k] isA) someone who bites the heads off alive chickens as part of a showB) a person who knows everything about computers (and is crazy about them)7.Spam isA) a type of tinned meatB) unwanted e-mails (from advertisers and the like)8.A cookie isA) a biscuitB) a small text file that is sent to your computer when you visit some websites. It's used to store information about you for the next time you visit that site — like where you went on the site and what you did.
Do this puzzle and you‘ll read the name of one of the most successful computer companies. This small box is used to operate a computer.A document on your computer.A device which is used to transfer photos and texts to your computer.To make a computer better or able to do more things.This looks like a typewriter and has the keys you need to press.It can be hard. It can be floppy.A device which allows your computer to send messages along a telephone line.An unfriendly or rude e-mail.To start a computer.
Look at these pictures and give the definitions:
Thanks for your work! Materials used in presentation:Macmillan English DictionaryMagazine for Teenagers “Speak Out”