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Презентация на тему: British Education System


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Презентация на тему: British Education System


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№ слайда 2 Introduction Introduction History Present education system Higher education Scho
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Introduction Introduction History Present education system Higher education Schools Today

№ слайда 3 1. the three “ R’s ” 1. the three “ R’s ” 2. purpose of the British Education 3.
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1. the three “ R’s ” 1. the three “ R’s ” 2. purpose of the British Education 3. importance of education in Britain 4. feature of British Education 5. the school tie

№ слайда 4 1. the form of British education in the past 1. the form of British education in
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1. the form of British education in the past 1. the form of British education in the past 2. the British education system is run by the state today 3. Some changes to the British education system*

№ слайда 5 ▶Some changes to the British education system: ▶Some changes to the British educ
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▶Some changes to the British education system: ▶Some changes to the British education system: *before 1870, education was voluntary and many of the existing schools had been set up by churches *only 40% of children aged 10 went to school regularly

№ слайда 6 (1) some caused by the Industrial Revolution (1) some caused by the Industrial R
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(1) some caused by the Industrial Revolution (1) some caused by the Industrial Revolution ⇒government decided to become involved in taking responsibility for the education of children *in 1870 the government passed a law which called for government-funded education *by 1880, the attendance at school for children between 5 and 10 was compulsory rather than voluntary

№ слайда 7 (2) Some caused by WWII (2) Some caused by WWII ⇒the government began planning t
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(2) Some caused by WWII (2) Some caused by WWII ⇒the government began planning to reconstruct the education system ①1944 Education Act stipulates that all children were given the right to free secondary education (failed) ②in the 1960s, comprehensive system was introduced into Britain →ended the division between grammar schools and vocational schools →entrance exams were abolished

№ слайда 8 ③the Education Reform Act 1988 provided for the establishment of a National Curr
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③the Education Reform Act 1988 provided for the establishment of a National Curriculum for 5-16 year-olds and regular examinations ③the Education Reform Act 1988 provided for the establishment of a National Curriculum for 5-16 year-olds and regular examinations →brought a big change (reintroduced competition between schools)

№ слайда 9 The national curriculum occupies not less than 70% of the school timetable, the
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The national curriculum occupies not less than 70% of the school timetable, the rest of the time being used for subjects of the school’s choosing. The national curriculum occupies not less than 70% of the school timetable, the rest of the time being used for subjects of the school’s choosing. There are four key Stages. At each of the stages the core subjects of English, mathematics, science, technology, physical education and religious education are taught. History, geography, music and art are also compulsory subjects up to 16 years old, but they become optional in Key Stage 4. A modern foreign language is added to the curriculum at Key Stages 3 and 4.

№ слайда 10 1. Education in the UK is compulsory 1. Education in the UK is compulsory (from
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1. Education in the UK is compulsory 1. Education in the UK is compulsory (from the ages of 5 to 16) 2. State schools and private schools* 3. The schooling stages*

№ слайда 11 State schools and private schools State schools and private schools state school
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State schools and private schools State schools and private schools state schools: funded by local and central government (free) *a system of “league tables” private schools (public schools): receive their funding through the private sector, tuition rates and government assistance

№ слайда 12 There are nine famous public schools: There are nine famous public schools: Winc
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There are nine famous public schools: There are nine famous public schools: Winchester, Eton, St. Paul’s, Shrewsbury, Westminister, Merchant Taylor’s, Rugby, Harrow and Charterhouse.

№ слайда 13 Eton – (the public school) the most famous school in the world, Britain’s bigges
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Eton – (the public school) the most famous school in the world, Britain’s biggest boarding school and educator of its social elite since 1440. So far the school has educated 19 Prime Ministers and six Chancellors of Exchequer. Its literary figures include Henry Fielding, Percy Byshe Shelley, George Orwell. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. In the past, almost all the students coming from upper class families. Now sons of accountants, doctors or businessmen also have access to it. Eton – (the public school) the most famous school in the world, Britain’s biggest boarding school and educator of its social elite since 1440. So far the school has educated 19 Prime Ministers and six Chancellors of Exchequer. Its literary figures include Henry Fielding, Percy Byshe Shelley, George Orwell. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. In the past, almost all the students coming from upper class families. Now sons of accountants, doctors or businessmen also have access to it.

№ слайда 14 Eton College is located in the town Eton which is an urban district of southeast
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Eton College is located in the town Eton which is an urban district of southeast-central England on the Thames River Eton College is located in the town Eton which is an urban district of southeast-central England on the Thames River

№ слайда 15 Eton is a public school for boys age 13-18. Almost all the pupils go on to study
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Eton is a public school for boys age 13-18. Almost all the pupils go on to study A levels, 90% will go on to university, a quarter to Oxford and Cambridge. The pupil/teacher ration is 9.5 to one, while in state secondary school the ratio is 20 to one. Eton is a public school for boys age 13-18. Almost all the pupils go on to study A levels, 90% will go on to university, a quarter to Oxford and Cambridge. The pupil/teacher ration is 9.5 to one, while in state secondary school the ratio is 20 to one.

№ слайда 16 School yard School yard
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School yard School yard

№ слайда 17 The facilities include purpose-built theatres, libraries, swimming pools, even a
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The facilities include purpose-built theatres, libraries, swimming pools, even a golf course. The facilities include purpose-built theatres, libraries, swimming pools, even a golf course.

№ слайда 18 The schooling stages The schooling stages (1)up to age 5 → pre-primary schooling
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The schooling stages The schooling stages (1)up to age 5 → pre-primary schooling (2)from the age of 5-11 → primary schools exam “the 11- plus” (co-educational/mixed)

№ слайда 19 Class teacher system in primary schools Class teacher system in primary schools
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Class teacher system in primary schools Class teacher system in primary schools In order to give young children a sustained contact with one teacher, usually one teacher is responsible for organizing the whole day’s lessons and have to teach all the subjects.

№ слайда 20 (3)age of 11-19 → secondary schools (3)age of 11-19 → secondary schools (compreh
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(3)age of 11-19 → secondary schools (3)age of 11-19 → secondary schools (comprehensive/grammar) ①age of 16 → GCSE exams (some choices) ②age of 18 or 19 → A-levels exams (after 2 years in the Sixth Form) go to university / if not, take vacational training (GNVQs)

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№ слайда 22 About 70% of 16 year old pupils choose to continue in full-time education. Some
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About 70% of 16 year old pupils choose to continue in full-time education. Some students continue in the same school for a further two years of study in the ‘sixth form’. After two-year study, three or four subjects are taken in the examination of the General Certificate of Education- Advanced level (GCE A level). The grades obtained in GCE A level are the main basis whether the students can go to college or not. About 70% of 16 year old pupils choose to continue in full-time education. Some students continue in the same school for a further two years of study in the ‘sixth form’. After two-year study, three or four subjects are taken in the examination of the General Certificate of Education- Advanced level (GCE A level). The grades obtained in GCE A level are the main basis whether the students can go to college or not.

№ слайда 23 1. Nearly all universities are public bodies 1. Nearly all universities are publ
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1. Nearly all universities are public bodies 1. Nearly all universities are public bodies 2. Higher education has a long history in the UK 3. The general condition of university students 4. Degrees* 5. Leading universities in UK* 6. Open university and further education*

№ слайда 24 Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BSc) – after three years of full-t
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Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BSc) – after three years of full-time study. Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BSc) – after three years of full-time study. Master of Arts (MA) or Master of Science (MSc) after a further one year full-time or two year part-time study. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) – after at least three years of original research.

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№ слайда 32 The open university is a non-residential university offering degree and other co
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The open university is a non-residential university offering degree and other courses for adult students of all ages. They offer degrees which are the same as those of other universities. The open university is a non-residential university offering degree and other courses for adult students of all ages. They offer degrees which are the same as those of other universities. Further education is often taken part-time or in the evening. Further education colleges have strong links with industry and commerce, employers often being involved in the design of the courses.

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№ слайда 35 Primary schools Primary schools Compulsory schooling starts at 5 Co-educational
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Primary schools Primary schools Compulsory schooling starts at 5 Co-educational and a class-teacher system Three-term school year Secondary schools Compulsory schooling extends up to 16 The selective system, comprehensive system and independent schools Sixth form colleges/ tertiary colleges Other schools County schools Voluntary schools

№ слайда 36 A system for secondary schooling in Britain, under which children take an examin
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A system for secondary schooling in Britain, under which children take an examination, the “11 plus”, in their last year of primary education. A system for secondary schooling in Britain, under which children take an examination, the “11 plus”, in their last year of primary education. The results of the examination determine the kind of secondary schooling each child will receive. Those with the highest marks go to grammar schools; others may go to technical schools, and the rest – by far majority – go to secondary modern schools.

№ слайда 37 A system for secondary schooling in Britain, under which all children, regardles
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A system for secondary schooling in Britain, under which all children, regardless of ability, can mix together. A system for secondary schooling in Britain, under which all children, regardless of ability, can mix together. In comprehensive schools, students study a wide variety of subjects at first until 2 or 3 years later, when they may study only those they like best. Many new ideas in education are being tried out at present, and comprehensive schools vary widely throughout Britain.

№ слайда 38 Public schools: secondary private boarding schools that prepare students chiefly
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Public schools: secondary private boarding schools that prepare students chiefly for universities. They laid the foundations of English education, but now are generally restricted to a comparatively small section of the population, mainly the rich and conservative in politics. Eton, Harrow and Rugby are the 3 most famous public schools. Public schools: secondary private boarding schools that prepare students chiefly for universities. They laid the foundations of English education, but now are generally restricted to a comparatively small section of the population, mainly the rich and conservative in politics. Eton, Harrow and Rugby are the 3 most famous public schools.

№ слайда 39 Prep schools: small private boarding schools for children up to 7 or 8 years old
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Prep schools: small private boarding schools for children up to 7 or 8 years old, which help to prepare the children for the “common entrance” examination at the age of 13 for admission to a public school, and where Latin, French and mathematics are all started early. Prep schools: small private boarding schools for children up to 7 or 8 years old, which help to prepare the children for the “common entrance” examination at the age of 13 for admission to a public school, and where Latin, French and mathematics are all started early.

№ слайда 40 County schools: state-run secondary schools, most of which are administered by t
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County schools: state-run secondary schools, most of which are administered by the county or county borough. About half of the money comes from the local authority and the other half from the central government. County schools: state-run secondary schools, most of which are administered by the county or county borough. About half of the money comes from the local authority and the other half from the central government. Voluntary schools: also called mission schools in other countries, secondary schools in Britain that are mostly Church of England or Roman Catholic in origin, and partly maintained and controlled by the local authority. They give a certain amount of denominational religious instruction. Education is free in such schools.

№ слайда 41 “Red brick”:The Redbrick Universities include all the provincial universities of
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“Red brick”:The Redbrick Universities include all the provincial universities of the period 1850-1930 as well as London University. Because the favorite building material of the period between 1850-1930 is red brick, and all the universities of the time were built in red brick. Thus, they were called the Redbrick Universities. “Red brick”:The Redbrick Universities include all the provincial universities of the period 1850-1930 as well as London University. Because the favorite building material of the period between 1850-1930 is red brick, and all the universities of the time were built in red brick. Thus, they were called the Redbrick Universities.

№ слайда 42 “Red brick”: a slightly contemptuous term used to refer to the large group of 19
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“Red brick”: a slightly contemptuous term used to refer to the large group of 19th- and 20th-century universities and university colleges in Britain. It describes their construction, which is contrasted with the more dignified and solid-looking ancient architecture of Oxford and Cambridge. The distinctive feature of these universities was that they were non-collegiate institutions which admitted men without reference to religion or background and that they concentrated on 'real-world' skills, often linked to engineering. “Red brick”: a slightly contemptuous term used to refer to the large group of 19th- and 20th-century universities and university colleges in Britain. It describes their construction, which is contrasted with the more dignified and solid-looking ancient architecture of Oxford and Cambridge. The distinctive feature of these universities was that they were non-collegiate institutions which admitted men without reference to religion or background and that they concentrated on 'real-world' skills, often linked to engineering.

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