In the Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas, people don’t think of the dead as evil spirits. Instead of going treat or treat on Halloween, whole families visit the cemetery on November 1 and 2. They dress in holiday clothing and bring food and flowers to the graves of their loved ones. They spend the day having a pleasant family picnic. Marigolds, the “flowers of the dead", are laid on graves.
WEE FOLK “Look out! Look out, boys! Clear the track!The witches are here! They’ve all come back.”
FAIRIES! GOBLINS! ELVES! LEPRECHAUNS! BROWNIES! TROLLS! Up the airy mountain, Down the rushy glen, We daren’t go a-hunting For fear of little men;Wee folk, good folk, Trooping all together; Green jacket, red cap, And white owl’s feather!
A flash of white in the darkness,“Who-oo-ooo?” Hoots the owl on the post;A creak and a groan,A squeak and a moan,“Ooo-oo-ooo!”Comes the howl –IT’S A GHOST!”
Ghosts, Ghosts, Ghosts
A Magic Brew In the cauldron boil and bake;Eye of newt, and toe of frog,Wool of bat, and tongue of dog,Adder’s fork, and blind-worm’s sting,Lizard’s leg, and owlet’s wing,For a charm of powerful trouble,Like a hell-broth boil and bubble,Double, double toil and trouble;Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.”
Witches and Black Cats If you want to meet a witch this old superstition tells you what you must do. Put your clothes on wrong side out. Walk backwards to a crossroads on Halloween night. At midnight you’ll see a witch.
Black cats were the partners of witches. Many people were afraid of cats. Some thought cats were the spirits of the dead. Others believed that witches changed themselves into cats. If people met a cat, they asked: "Is this really a cat? Or is this a witch changed into a cat?”
Orange or gold, and black are the Halloween colors. Orange and gold stand for ripe fruits and grain. This idea comes from Pomona. Black is for black magic and black cats, for the mystery of Halloween. This comes from Samhain.
Match the Phrases! A cat has nine livesCuriosity killed the catHas the cat got your tongueWhile the cat is away, the mice playLike a scalded catLook like the cat after it had eaten the canarySee how the cat jumpsIt’s raining cats and dogs Без кота мышам раздольеКак угорелая кошкаЛьёт как из ведраДержать нос по ветруЛюбопытство до добра не доведетИметь довольный видЯзык проглотитьЖивуч как кошка; были бы косточки, мясо прирастет
A JACK O’LANTERN
Put into the right order: Put the candle inside the pumpkin.Cut a nose and a mouth.Cut eyes.Take a huge yellow pumpkin.Light a candle.Put the pumpkin near or in the house.
Instead of collecting candy on Halloween night some children collect money for the United Nations Children's Fund, or UNICEF. That way, they can have fun and at the same time help children all around the world.
Jack-o’-lanterns got their name from a fellow named Jack who, according to an old Irish legend, was so stingy with his money that he was not allowed into heaven. But poor Jack had played pranks on the devil, so he was not allowed into hell, either! Instead, he is destined to wander around forever, with his lantern, waiting for Judgment Day.
SING A SONG WITH US! The pumpkin in the patch,Hi-ho on Halloween, the pumpkin in the patch.The pumpkin calls a witch…The witch calls a bat…The bat calls a ghost…The ghost scares us all…We all scare the ghost…
A typical jack-o’-lantern is a pumpkin with _____ instead of eyes, mouth and nose.Halloween is the time when evil _____ are abroad.Apples and _____ are the traditional Halloween food.The powers of darkness are afraid of _____ that is why bonfires, candles are used as a means of protection against them.An orange symbol of Halloween is a ____.The spirit of a dead person is called a ____.The source of the present-day Halloween celebration is probably the _____ _____ of Samhain.According to popular belief, witches ride on ____, attended by black cats.The custom of telling ghost stories on Halloween comes from the _____.An animal that accompanies the witch to the place of her rendezvous with the Devil is a ____.The practice of predicting future events is called _____.A traditional belief which is not based on reason or fact but on old ideas about luck, magic, etc. is called ____.The Lord of the Dead and the Prince of Darkness is ____.A vegetable once used to make a jack-o’-lantern is a _____.Jack was ____ for his drunkenness and being stingy.Halloween is a festival that takes place on _____.Now children celebrate Halloween in unusual costumes and ___.Children take out the middle of the pumpkin, cut holes for the eyes, nose and mouth and put a ___inside the pumpkin to scare their friends.Halloween is sometimes called ____ night.Today Halloween is a bad night for the ____.