Travelling around London
The CityThe East EndThe West EndWestminsterHistory
Do you know the history of London? At the beginning of the 11th century England was already a big country and London was a very important city. In 1066 William the Conqueror and his people went to Normandy in France .William the Conqueror became King of England.Questions:When did England become a great country?Where did William the Conqueror come from?Where did he live when he was a king?
On Saturday, 2nd September 1666 there was a strong wind from the river and a big fire began. It started in the house of the king’s baker, near London Bridge. The baker’s wife woke up in the middle of the night because the house was on fire. Soon the next house started burning and then the next and the next…The fire burnt until Thursday. Many houses in London were burnt.Тhe fire burnt for four days and destroyed 80% of the city. More then 250 thousand people didn’t have home any more.A big fire- большой пожарIn the middle of the night- в середине ночиTo destroy- разрушать
Correct the text In October 1796 there was a fire in old city of London. The fire started in a house on London Bridge. The weather was fine that day, there were few houses on London Bridge, and that’s why only 4 houses were burnt. The fire started on Thursday and was over on Friday. The people of London built a new city after the Fire.
Look! Read! Remember! -LondonEnglandAdmiral NelsonTrafalgar SquareSir Christopher WrenSt. Paul’s CathedralTheThe CityThe Tower of LondonWilliam the ConquerorThe National Gallery
The City The heart of London is the City. It is the oldest part of London. Many people work in the City but very few live there. There are many banks and other offices there too. You can visit some interesting places in the City.
Tower Among the first historic buildings is the Tower of London. It was built in 1087 by William the Conqueror .London is the key to England and the Tower is the key to London. The Tower of London was a fortress, a palace, a prison and the King’s Zoo. Now it is the museum.
St. Paul’s Cathedral One of the greatest English churches, St. Paul’s Сathedral, is not far from the Tower of London. The famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren built it in the 17th century after the Great Fire.
True, false, or don’t know? London is the capital of Scotland.The heart of London is the City.Many people live in the City.William the Conqueror built the Tower of London in 10th century. St. Paul’s Cathedral is very far from the Tower.Trafalgar Square is not in the centre of London.
Complete the sentences The Тower of London is the…Trafalgar Square is the…The National Gallery has….St. Paul’s Cathedral is not very far from…The heart of London is…(the centre of London,The Tower of London, the City,a fine collection of paintings, the museum)
It is interesting to know… …that Bloomsbury Square is one of the oldest in London. It is more than 300 years old. It is the literary part of the city.…the British museum is very old. It was founded in 1753.…that one of the oldest churches in London is St. Paul’s Сathedral.…that one of the famous London theatres is the “Odeon”The Royal Opera House or Covent Garden, is in the centre of the vegetable market.
Complete the sentences …is the “Odeon”…is the centre of the vegetable market.…is 300 years old.…was founded in 1753.…is one of the oldest churches in London.(the Royal Opera House,Bloomsbury Square, thefamous London theatre,St. Paul’s Cathedral, the Britishmuseum)
Trafalgar Square The centre of London is Trafalgar Square. In the middle of the square stands a tall column. It is a monument to Admiral Nelson. Four bronze lions look at the square from the monument.
Westminster The political centre of London is Westminster. It is that part of London where there are a lot of offices.
Westminster Abby Westminster Abby is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in London. It is more than nine hundred years old. There are so many monuments and statues there.
Big Ben The large clock in one of the tower is Big Ben. Big Ben is the name of the clock and the bell of the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. You can hear the sound of Big Ben every hour in London.
What is it?
Home work Write down a composition “The sightseeing of London”