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Презентация на тему: The mature Middle Ages Gothic style XIII - XV centuries


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Презентация на тему: The mature Middle Ages Gothic style XIII - XV centuries


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№ слайда 1 The mature Middle AgesGothic style XIII - XV centuries
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The mature Middle AgesGothic style XIII - XV centuries

№ слайда 2 Gothic style (gothic style)– (From ital. gotico, it is literally – gothic, i.e.,
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Gothic style (gothic style)– (From ital. gotico, it is literally – gothic, i.e., Concerning to the German tribe it is ready),Art style, Become by the final stage in development of the European medieval art and existed Between the middle XII and XV–XVI centuries The most suitable the name– « Lancet style »Tendency up, ease of designs,Frame system and the ridge arch,Openwork decor, Painting by light, stained-glass windows.

№ слайда 3 Gothic art, replaced Romance, Remains cult to destination And religious on chara
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Gothic art, replaced Romance, Remains cult to destination And religious on character.

№ слайда 4 Unlike the Romance period the centers of the European religious, cultural, polit
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Unlike the Romance period the centers of the European religious, cultural, political and economic life by the end of XII century of steel not monasteries, and cities.

№ слайда 5 And the centers of a public life of medieval city became a town hall (a building
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And the centers of a public life of medieval city became a town hall (a building of city self-management) and a cathedral (a large Christian temple).

№ слайда 6 Architecture of the Gothic period The main architectural constructions of Gothic
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Architecture of the Gothic period The main architectural constructions of Gothic styleCity town hall Cathedral Town hall - a building of city self-management– Represented the big stone building with a hall for assemblies on a ground floor and subsidiary premises on the second. Above a town hall the tower - a symbolof freedom of city towered. Cathedral - model of a universe, a symbol of the Universe And some kind of the arch of knowledge of it, All art build which, expressed idea of heavenly and terrestrial hierarchy.

№ слайда 7 CATHEDRAL – THE CENTER OF THE CITY LIFE Cathedrals should contain all numerous u
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CATHEDRAL – THE CENTER OF THE CITY LIFE Cathedrals should contain all numerous urban population. Before cathedrals preachers acted, spent discussions of the professor and students.Built cathedrals city masters (instead of monastic, as before). Townspeople often were customers Or founders Works of art for an ornament of cathedrals.

№ слайда 8 GOTHIC CATHEDRALS considerably differed from monastic churches of the Romanesque
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GOTHIC CATHEDRALS considerably differed from monastic churches of the Romanesque period: The Romanesque church is heavy and stocky. The Gothic cathedral is easy and directed upwards.It is connected by that in Gothic architecture began to use a new design of the arches.

№ слайда 9 If in Romanesque church the massive arches are based on thick walls, that in a G
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If in Romanesque church the massive arches are based on thick walls, that in a Gothic cathedral the arch leans on arches, and those in turn — on columns. Lateral pressure of the arch It is transferred flying buttress (external semiarches) and to buttresses (to external support, some kind of "crutches" of a building).

№ слайда 10 Such design has enabled To reduce thickness of walls, To increase internal space
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Such design has enabled To reduce thickness of walls, To increase internal space of a building. Walls have ceased to serve as a support of the arch, That has allowed to do in them set of windows, arches, galleries.

№ слайда 11 All semantic symbolics of a Christian temple repeats in its western portal. The
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All semantic symbolics of a Christian temple repeats in its western portal. The door is a transition from one space in another, from wordly in sacred. Steps – a symbol of an ascention to the God. Three portals – a symbol of the Sacred Trinity. Portal – an input in a cathedral

№ слайда 12 Khimers - a sculpture in an image of a fantastic animal. Gorgylies – sculptures-
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Khimers - a sculpture in an image of a fantastic animal. Gorgylies – sculptures-water-drains. At the same time the belief in miracles, fantastic animals, fantastic monsters was kept. Their images meet in Gothic art also often, as well as in Romance: for example, in the form of sculptures — chimeras or sculptures-water-drains — gorgylies.

№ слайда 13
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№ слайда 14 PAINTING OF THE GOTHIC PERIOD Sent-Shapel Church in Paris
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PAINTING OF THE GOTHIC PERIOD Sent-Shapel Church in Paris

№ слайда 15 Stained-glass windows Sent-Shapel– Chapel of the Lui IX, 1243-1248, arc. Pierre
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Stained-glass windows Sent-Shapel– Chapel of the Lui IX, 1243-1248, arc. Pierre de Montero, Paris, France

№ слайда 16 In a Gothic cathedral the equal surface of a wall, therefore a wall list has dis
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In a Gothic cathedral the equal surface of a wall, therefore a wall list has disappeared has given a up the place to a stained-glass window — to the picturesque image from the color glasses fastened among themselves, placed in an aperture of a window.

№ слайда 17 Window "rose"
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Window "rose"

№ слайда 18 Prominent feature of Gothic architecture: Arch of the lancet form.
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Prominent feature of Gothic architecture: Arch of the lancet form.

№ слайда 19 Interior.
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Interior.

№ слайда 20 In XII-XIII centuries did Color stained-glass windows. Ready color glasses cut a
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In XII-XIII centuries did Color stained-glass windows. Ready color glasses cut according to figure, typed on a pattern, and then covered with a list. These elements fastened lead crosspieces and concluded in a metal frame.

№ слайда 21 Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris 1160-1245, Paris, France
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Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris 1160-1245, Paris, France

№ слайда 22 Cathedral of Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris 1160-1245., Paris, France
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Cathedral of Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris 1160-1245., Paris, France

№ слайда 23 Church of a chapel Sent-Shape In Paris (1245-1248),
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Church of a chapel Sent-Shape In Paris (1245-1248),

№ слайда 24 Cathedral In Rheims (1211-1311), Where kings were crowned.
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Cathedral In Rheims (1211-1311), Where kings were crowned.

№ слайда 25 A cathedral in Ryane (1434-1514)
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A cathedral in Ryane (1434-1514)

№ слайда 26
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