Thanksgiving Day Almost in every culture in the world there is a celebration of thanks for rich harvest. The American Thanksgiving began as a feast of thanksgiving almost four hundred years ago. In 1620, a religious community sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the New World. They settled in what is now known as the state of Massachusetts.
Thanksgiving Day Their first winter in America was difficult. They arrived too late to grow a rich harvest. Moreover, half the colony died from disease. The following spring the Iroquois Indians taught them how to grow corn. Indians showed them also how to grow other crops and how to hunt and fish.
Thanksgiving Day In the autumn of 1621 they got a beautiful harvest of corn, barley, beans and pumpkins. The colonists had much to be thankful for, so they planned a feast. Local Indian chief and ninety Indians were present. The colonists learned from Indians how to cook cranberries and dishes of corn and pumpkins.
Thanksgiving Day In following years many of the colonists celebrated the harvest with a feast of thanks. After the United States gained independence, Congress recommended one yearly day of thanksgiving for the whole country.
Thanksgiving Day Later, George Washington suggested the date November 26 as Thanksgiving Day. Then, after the Civil war, Abraham Lincoln suggested the last Thursday in November to be the day of thanksgiving.
Thanksgiving Day Foods, eaten at the first thanksgiving, have become traditional. The traditional thanksgiving meal consists of roast turkey stuffed with herb-flavoured bread, cranberry jelly, mashed potatoes, pumpkin pie. Other dishes may vary as to region: ham, sweet potatoes, creamed corn.
Thanksgiving Day It was Harry Trueman the American president who was the first to forgive two turkeys on the thanksgiving day eve. Every year the american president repeats the procedure. The whole country watches the procedure.
Thanksgiving Day Before Thanksgiving Day the number of charity events is growing. Americans are trying to help people who were not lucky. They organize charity dinners, concerts. Even in the subway stations there are tables were every american who wants to help brings food and donations. There are many advertisements in newspapers about donations and charity events.
Famous people are taking part in charity dinners. Kirk Duglas is filling the plates with food. All his life he takes part in charity dinners with his wife. He adresses to us with the following words “Give more the other people in this day. There are people who needs your help”
Thanksgiving DAY MACY’S PARADE IN NEW-YORK.
Thanksgiving Day Vocabulary:Thanksgiving — День благодарения thanksgiving — воздаяние благодарности harvest — урожай to settle — поселиться to grow — выращивать desease — болезнь Iroquois Indians — индейцы из племени ирокезов corn — кукуруза crops — овощи to hunt — охотиться to fish — ловить рыбу bountiful — обильный barley — ячмень beans — бобы pumpkin — тыква Civil war — гражданская война charitable — благотворительный stuffed turkey — фаршированная индейка herb-flavored bread — хлеб с пряностями cranberry — клюква cranberry jelly — клюквенное желе Clashed potatoes — картофельное пюре ham — ветчина
Thanksgiving Day Questions:1. Who were the people that started the celebrating of American Thanksgiving? 2. What difficulties did they face in their first winter in the New World? 3. What were they taught by the American Indians? 4. Who participated in the first feast of Thanksgiving? 5. What is the date of Thanksgiving and how it was adopted? 6. What are the traditional plates on Thanksgiving?
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