Myths and legends of the English - speaking countries Research is made by Ulenkova Julia, 10”B” form144 school
The aim of my research is to study the history and the contents of English – speaking countries mythology and it’s influence on the modern life of the countries.
Objectives: get to know about the former explorers of English mythologyto study the “soul” of English mythology (fears, dreams, ideal, national hero, etc)
J.R.R. Tolkien Everybody knows Tolkien as a writer, but only a few people know him as a scientist and explorer. J. Tolkien (1892 – 1973) was an Oxford professor. It’s rather strange, but he wrote only about 30 articles. It’s a pity, that most of his articles and stories weren’t published, and nobody can explain, why.
The main concepts: We can say, that myth isn’t very important to history or facts, as it looks more like a fiction, but it reflects the way people used to live, their national identity, their level of life, which has rather serious influence on “the soul of language” (specific words and quotes, for example).
Great Britain Ireland Scotland Wales England USA New Zealand Australia
England England is a country of quite reserved people, and because of this English legends are often very serious and sort of mysterious, contents many ghosts and witches. Sometimes myths tell us about bad governors, wealthy and violent people, about poor people and their sadness and, of course, about powerful men, who save the goodness and banishes villain.
Scotland For Scotland mass holidays and competitions are habitual and happy mood is characteristic for Scotts. Because of this a lot of legends are based on peoples’ relationships, on love, friendship, traditions and native old stories. Physical strengthPatriotismUnity of the nationStrong characterEducational systemPoetry and art Fight for independenceSevere climateBeautiful landscapes
Ireland Beautiful natureEarly adopted ChristianityA lot of invasions and warsAncient castles preservedCeltic influence Art PatriotismDivine nature of the characters is obscuredMyths concerning wars Gods of warStrong characterRespect the ancestorsPagan mythology preserved and alive
Wales Celtic influenceHuntingFamily – oriented tribal StructureEarly invaded by RomansWelsh language Pagan mythologyMythology concerning natureFamilies linked close togetherFamily – oriented mythologyWar – like,protestingUnique mentality, suspicious offoreigners
If to talk about Australia, which has absolutely different climate and just everything, its’ mythology has always been very wise and has an edifying meaning, an explanation of something, which was difficult to go through with a help of science or proofs.Australia IsolationHunting and collecting foodBeautiful landscapes,Lot’s of sunshineSemi – desertsA lot of invasions Not advanced enoughClose to natureMythology concerning natureArtPatriotismCheerfulnessA bit reservedHard – workingWisdom
Thank you for attention!