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Презентация на тему: Music Appreciation


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Презентация на тему: Music Appreciation


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№ слайда 1 Music Appreciation Who said “At one time they tried to make music give people pl
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Music Appreciation Who said “At one time they tried to make music give people pleasure - now they torture and tire them”? Tchaikovsky said this after hearing Wagner’s Ring at Bayreuth in 1876 - BBC Music, December, 2002

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№ слайда 3 Wagner and the Romantic Movement Romantic movement is expressed best by Wagner’s
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Wagner and the Romantic Movement Romantic movement is expressed best by Wagner’s music Music Dramas Practiced what he preached Saw himself as a hero Everything he conceived was larger than life Lived extravagantly Made many enemies One of the most innovative artists of the era One of the most brilliant and original musicians of the time

№ слайда 4 Wagner's life and career b. 1813 in Leipzig Little formal musical training Wrote
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Wagner's life and career b. 1813 in Leipzig Little formal musical training Wrote he words and the music for his operas First opera, "Die Feen", composed at age 20 Worked as a conductor with a traveling opera troop Married Minna, an actress Paris - piano and band arrangements of popular operatic tunes by other composers Spent time in debtor's prison First masterpiece, "The Flying Dutchman", was produced in 1843 Moved to Dresden where the “Dutchman” was produced and where he composed "Tannhauser" and "Lohengrin"

№ слайда 5 Wagner's life and career Left Dresden for Switzerland where he lived in exile Sk
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Wagner's life and career Left Dresden for Switzerland where he lived in exile Sketched out a cycle of 4 operas, "The Ring of the Nibeling" His wife leaves him Falls in love with Mathilde Wesendonck 1856-1859 he composes "Tristan" Moves to Vienna in 1860 Flees in 1864 due to debt Ludwig II offers him money Wagner's spending bankrupt the country; Ludwig forced to exile the composer Becomes romantically involved with Cosima von Bulow (Liszt’s daughter) Begins building a festival theater in Bayreuth - first production in 1882 with the "Ring" cycle Composed his final opera, "Parsifal" Died in Venice, 1882

№ слайда 6 Schwanstein photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton
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Schwanstein photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton

№ слайда 7 Neuschwanstein photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton
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Neuschwanstein photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton

№ слайда 8 The "Complete Work of Art" Wagner believed that art and opera must be
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The "Complete Work of Art" Wagner believed that art and opera must be more than a diversion His idea is called Gesamtkunstwerk Totally revolutionized Harmony by completely avoiding resolution with known, stable chords Orchestra is important now Constructed scores with a symphonic sound in mind The singing becomes an instrument in the overall effect Expanded the size of the orchestra Invented new instruments (the Wagner tuba)

№ слайда 9 The Wagner Tuba A relative of the horn, it was invented in the late 1800's to me
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The Wagner Tuba A relative of the horn, it was invented in the late 1800's to meet the specifications of the composer Richard Wagner He wanted an instrument that would add depth to the brass section and provide a tonal color that would bridge the colors of the horn and the trombone It is usually played with a French horn mouthpiece by a horn player Because of its brash tone quality, it is the perfect sound for depicting the bad guys in Wagner operas

№ слайда 10 Besides the operas, Wagner regarded himself as "the most German of men” and
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Besides the operas, Wagner regarded himself as "the most German of men” and "the German spirit" He composed 13 operas and numerous other compositions He has been classified as an anarchist, a socialist, a proto-fascist, a nationalist, a vegetarian and an anti-Semite. His name appeared in connection with almost all major trends in German history of the 19th and 20th centuries! He wrote books and articles and around 10,000 letters

№ слайда 11 Wagner’s Family Tree Parents: Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Wagner (1770-1813), Richard
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Wagner’s Family Tree Parents: Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Wagner (1770-1813), Richard's real father was probably Ludwig Geyer Johanne Pätz (1774-1848) First Wife: Minna Planer (1809-1865), no children Second Wife: Cosima von Bülow (1837-1930, the daughter of Franz Liszt), two children with Hans von Bülow and three children with Richard Wagner Children: Isolde (1865-1919), married to Franz Beidler Eva (1867-1942), married to Houston Stewart Chamberlain Siegfried (1869-1930), married to Winifred Williams Klindworth (1897-1980)

№ слайда 12 Festspielhaus photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton
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Festspielhaus photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton

№ слайда 13 Outside Wagner’s Home photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton
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Outside Wagner’s Home photo courtesy of Ellen Congleton

№ слайда 14 Bayreuth Wagner’s idea was to create a "mystical abyss" separating the
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Bayreuth Wagner’s idea was to create a "mystical abyss" separating the real world (the viewers) from the ideal world (the singers on the stage) The inaugural festival in Bayreuth was attended by Kaiser Wilhelm of Prussia, King Ludwig of Bavaria (who insisted on secrecy and did not want to be seen by either his fellow royals or the people), Emperor Dom Pedro II of Brazil, the rulers of various German principalities, nobility from all over Germany and Austria-Hungary, musicians such as Anton Bruckner, Edvard Grieg, Peter Tchaikovsky, Camille Saint-Saëns, Franz Liszt

№ слайда 15 Tristan Chord
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Tristan Chord

№ слайда 16 RICHARD WAGNER (1813 - 1883) The Ring
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RICHARD WAGNER (1813 - 1883) The Ring

№ слайда 17 der Ring des Nibelungen Nibelungenlied is a Medieval German legend The Ring of t
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der Ring des Nibelungen Nibelungenlied is a Medieval German legend The Ring of the Nibelung Das Rheingold (The Rhine Gold) Die Walkure (The Valkyrie) Siegfried (Siegfried) Gotterdammerung (The Twilight of the Gods)

№ слайда 18 der Ring des Nibelungen 3 Norns Erda Rhinemaidens (guarding the gold in the Rhin
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der Ring des Nibelungen 3 Norns Erda Rhinemaidens (guarding the gold in the Rhine) Walkures (Brunhilde et al) Giants (Fasolt & Fafner) Wotan (ruler of the gods who lives in Walhalla) Fricka & Freia Loge Walsungs (Siegmund and Sieglinde = Siegfried) Hunding Nibelungs (Alberich & Mime) Gibichungs (Gunther, Getrune & Hagen)

№ слайда 19 Richard Wagner Gesamtkunstwerk Bayreuth Endless melody Leitmotifs Chromatic harm
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Richard Wagner Gesamtkunstwerk Bayreuth Endless melody Leitmotifs Chromatic harmony

№ слайда 20 Star Wars and The Ring Star Wars Conceived as a series of nine films it was soon
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Star Wars and The Ring Star Wars Conceived as a series of nine films it was soon realized as a trilogy, and is in the process of becoming a hexalogy (six films). The film trilogy was initiated with Episodes IV , V and VI. Lucas then worked backwards with Episode I, more than two decades later, and is now working forwards with Episodes II and III A gallery of aliens Cult Following .

№ слайда 21 Star Wars v/s The Ring Lucas creates his own film studio, his own company for cr
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Star Wars v/s The Ring Lucas creates his own film studio, his own company for creation of new and revolutionary visual effects (Industrial Light & Magic, founded in 1975) and his own standards for sound and image (THX). In Star Wars Lucas uses newly developed computer techniques to create special visual and audio effects. Star Wars was the first film with a world-wide distribution to use the new Dolby stereo-optical sound system, a system which later has made possible the many surround systems.

№ слайда 22 Star Wars v/s The Ring The Star Wars is a simple tale of good and evil, of love
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Star Wars v/s The Ring The Star Wars is a simple tale of good and evil, of love and power. It makes you want to be a better person. Light sabre = Sword Luke Skywalker = Siegfried Luke & Leia = Siegmund & Sieglinde The Death Star = The Ring Star Wars = symphonic film

№ слайда 23 Wagner Quiz 1. Which composer has been considered to be the single most importan
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Wagner Quiz 1. Which composer has been considered to be the single most important phenomenon in the artistic life of the latter half of the nineteenth century? A - Berlioz B - Schubert C - Wagner D - Schumann

№ слайда 24 Wagner Quiz 2. Wagner’s cycle of four music dramas is called: A - Lohengrin B -
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Wagner Quiz 2. Wagner’s cycle of four music dramas is called: A - Lohengrin B - Tristan and Isolde C - The Ring of the Nibelung D - Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg

№ слайда 25 Wagner Quiz 3. Wagner called his operas: A - tone poems B - music dramas C - ora
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Wagner Quiz 3. Wagner called his operas: A - tone poems B - music dramas C - oratorios D - operettas

№ слайда 26 Wagner Quiz 4. The principal themes in Wagner’s operas, which recur throughout a
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Wagner Quiz 4. The principal themes in Wagner’s operas, which recur throughout a work and carry specific meanings, are called: A - libretti B - leitmotifs C - motives D - fixed ideas

№ слайда 27 Wagner Quiz 5. A - Lohengrin B - Tristan and Isolde C - The Ring of the Nibelung
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Wagner Quiz 5. A - Lohengrin B - Tristan and Isolde C - The Ring of the Nibelung D - Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg

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