The United States of America Для учащихся 10-11 классов.
The USA is a large country. Its area is only a little smaller than the area of Europe. The population is about 205 million people. It consist of 50 states.
The flag of the United States is called “The Stars and Stripes”. The 50 stars white on the blue field represent the 50States and the 13 stripes represent the 13 original English colonies.
Washington is the capital of the USA. George Washington was the first American President and his name was given to the capitol of the young nation.
The Washington Monument. It is a marble obelisk. Inside the Monument There are 898 steps to the top. The Monument was erected to the memory of the first President. It symbolized the Nation’s respect for G.Washington.
The Lincoln Memorial. Abraham Lincoln was born in 1809 in the state of Kentucky.Life was not easy for the Lincoln fam People made him the President of the USA. A.Lincoln was wounded in 1865. The Memorial was designed like a Greek temple with 36 columns. They represent the states in the Union at that time.
There are many parks, gardens and beautiful buildings, such as the White House the Capitol the National Gallery of Art
The White House is the home of the President. Here the President lives and works.The White House is a large building. It has 132 rooms. All presidents except G.Washington live there.
The United States Capitol is the seat of Congress. It stands on the Capitol Hill. It is interesting to know that the Capitol is the highest building in Washington. There is a law not to build houses higher than the Capitol. There are no sky-scrapes in Washington.
Pentagon Here are the headquarters of the Department of Defence,the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. The Pentagon is the military centre of U.S. imperialism. The Pentagon is a five-sided building and five stories high.
New York is the biggest city in the USA. American tourist companies call it “the wonder city of the world” but Maxim Gorky called it “the city of the yellow devil”
The Statue of Liberty. It stands on a small island at the entrance to New York harbour. It is nearly 100 metres above the water level. The figure shows a young woman. She holds a tour in her right hand above her head and a tablet with the date “July 4th, 1776” in her left hand.
Empire State Building is one of the tallest building. It has 102 floors and is 448 metres high. New York is the city of sky-scrapes.
Columbia University . It was founded in 1754 is one of the biggest universities of the USA. Brooklyn Bridge. It was completed in 1883. The bridge is over the East River and connect Manhattan with Brooklyn.
There are a lot of other large cities in the USA. Chicago is one of the biggest industrial cities. San Francisco is a big port. Boston is one of the first town founded on the Atlantic coast of America.
San Francisco City Hall. The building houses the Public Library, the War Memorial Opera House and the Exposition Auditorium. People are very proud of City Hall. The American call Boston, the city of yesterday and tomorrow. It has a very interesting history.
Do you know..? The Mississippi River in the United States of America is called “the father of waters”. The name Mississippi comes from the Indian tribes that lived along the famous river. The Mississippi touches all or part of 31 states, as well as 2 Canadian provinces.
Do you know..? Montana is the fourth largest state in area. The state was once called ”the ice-box of the nation” before Alaska took away that distinction.
The Rocky Mountain are in the west of the USA. In the Rockies there are several peaks between 4000 and 5000metres high.
You can see many different animals in this romantic land.