The first person in space: Yuri Gagarin (USSR)On April 12, 1961 Yuri Gagarin became the first human to achieve spaceflight and orbit the Earth. His spacecraft, Vostok 1, circled Earth once in a flight that lasted 108 minutes.
The first woman in space: Valentina Tereshkova (USSR)On June 16,1963 Valentina Tereshkova was launched into space aboard Vostok 6. She became the first woman to travel in space, making 48 orbits of Earth and spending almost three days in space.
The first animal in space: Laika (USSR)Laika, the first animal ever sent to space, rode to orbit in Sputnik II on the 3rd of November, 1957
The first space walk: A. A. Leonov (USSR) On March 18 ,1965 cosmonaut Leonov in the spacecraft Voskhod-2 became the first person to venture outside a capsule in space.
Baikonur Cosmodrome It is the largest of three major Russian launch complexes. It was built in 1955. The Cosmodrome is located in a region of flat grasslands in Kazakhstan. It is the only cosmodrome used for crewed launches.
Plesetsk Cosmodrome It is a Russian launch complex and missile test range. It was built in 1960, not far from of Arkhangelsk. From 1969 to 1993 it was the busiest spaceport in the world. It continues to be highly active today.
Vostochny Cosmodrome Construction of this space port will begin in 2011. The cosmodrome will be located in Amur Oblast in the Russian Far East. The nearest city is Uglegorsk . The new site is intended mostly for civilian launches.
Svobodny Cosmodrome It is a Russian strategic missile base. It was built in 1961. It is situated on the north of Blagoveschensk . Now it is a launch site for the space launch vehicles.
The Mir Space Station The Mir Space Station spent fifteen years orbiting 390 kilometres above the Earth. It completed over 86,325 trips around our planet. The first element of the station, the Mir module , was launched on February 20,1986. On March 23,2001.the Mir Space Station completed its triumphant spaceflight and found its final resting place in the South Pacific Ocean.