Sovereigns' reign in Great Britain and Russia in the 16th century Written by Anna LazarevaSupervisor: O.D. PolikarpovaLyceum №14
Queen Elizabeth I of Englandand Ivan IV Tsar of All Russia (ruled 1558-1603) (ruled 1533-1584)
The political situation in England before the reign of Elizabeth I The Tudor age: rapid inflation, Reformation and religious disagreements between Catholics and Protestants.
The political situation in Russia before the reign of Ivan IV The time of centralization and consolidation of lands. The period of political crisis provoked by the rule of struggling boyar clans.
Family of Elizabeth I Henry VIII 1491-1547 (Father) The Lady Elizabeth in 1546, by an unknown artist Anne Boleyn c.1504-1536 (Mother)
Family of Ivan IV Vasili III1479-1533(father) The Birth of Ivan IV Elena Glinskaya1508-1538(mother)
The early lives of Elizabeth I and Ivan IV The childhoods of both Elizabeth I and Ivan IV was full of painful and confusing episodes.Elizabeth Ithe death of mother – 3the death of father – 13had 3 stepmothers, two of whom were executed Ivan IV the death of father – 3 the death of mother – 8 (assassination by poison) mother was indifferent to the child witnessed the terrible acts of torture and cruelty
The characters of Elizabeth I and Ivan IV The execution of mother and two stepmothers had a negative impact on Elizabeth’s psychology. These tragic events became the reason for her negative attitude towards marriage. Sensitive and intelligent, Ivan became cruel, secretive, suspicious, shy, mistrustful and irritable. He always thought that he was surrounded by enemies and betrayers.
Elizabeth I and Ivan IV were the best educated persons of their time Latin Greek Spanish French HistoryPhilosophyMathematicsArt Reading WritingThe Bible
Religion Was educated in a Protestant faith. Believed in religious tolerance: ‘There is only one Christ, Jesus, one faith’. Religion – a political force. The leader – a God on the Earth. Ivan IVWas a devout person, cultivated a close relationship with the Orthodox Church.
Elizabeth’s I domestic policy Religious settlement and the establishment of the Church of EnglandMarriage to the KingdomSell of monopolies and official positions in the government
Ivan’s IV domestic policy New law code – the SudebnikStanding army – the streltsyThe Zemsky Sobor – the council of the noblesThe first laws restricting the mobility of the peasants;The oprichnina and the persecution of the nobles
Elizabeth’s I foreign policy Elizabeth I considered trade to be the most important foreign policy matter. She encouraged English traders to settle abroad and to create colonies.
Ivan’s IV foreign policy Ivan’s IV reign is remarkable for the conquest of Kazan and Astrakhan, colonization of Siberia and unsuccessful Livonian war.
The establishment of Russian-English trade relationships. Ivan the Terrible Showing His Treasures to Jerome Horsey Ivan IV and English merchant, Richard Chancellor
The results of the reigns of Elizabeth I and Ivan IV Elizabeth I – The Virgin Queen, GlorianaEngland – a powerful trading empire Ivan IV – The Terrible, tyrant and despotRussia – a multiethnic and multiconfessional state
Bibliography An Illustrated History of Great Britain by David McDowall; «Исторические портреты и этюды» В.О. Ключевский;«История государства Российского» Н.М.Карамзин;www.npg.org.ukwww.answers.comwww.varvar.ruwww.hrono.ruwww.elizabethi.org
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