Some facts about presidents of the United States Grigorjeva Kseniya Form - 11A Gymnasium №13
АННОТАЦИЯ Проектная работа по страноведению для 10-11 класса гуманитарного профиля.Microsoft POWER POINT, сканирование, статистические данные, музыкальное сопровождение.Данная работа может использоваться в качестве дополнительного материала при изучении политической системы Соединённых Штатов Америки, отдельных фактов из жизни американских президентов и их роли в жизни страны Объём работы – 2,48 МБКоличество слайдов – 26
How the US President is Elected? Start with the Constitution. The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, and it has been modified by the 12th, 22nd, and 23rd amendments. Many additional steps have been added over the years, by custom and by state law -- the process has changed quite a bit over time. Who Can Run? The President and Vice-President are elected every four years. They must be at least 35 years of age, they must be native-born citizens of the United States, and they must have been residents of the U.S. for at least 14 years. (Also, a person cannot be elected to a third term as President.)
The Seal of the President of the USA The seal of the President of the United States of America is based upon the Great Seal of the USA. The Presidential seal pictures an American bald eagle holding a ribbon in its beak; the ribbon has the motto of the USA, "E PLURIBUS UNUM," meaning "Out of many, one." The eagle is clutching an olive branch (with 13 olives and 13 leaves) in one foot (symbolizing peace) and 13 arrows in the other (the 13 stands for the original 13 colonies and the arrows symbolize the acceptance of the need to go to war to protect the country).
The White House The White House is the official residence of the President of the United States of America, and has been for over 200 years. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., the capital city of the USA.
The Presidents and the White House: The first US President to live in the White House was John Adams ( the second President of the USA). Adams and his family moved to the White House in 1800. They had previously lived in Philadelphia , Pennsylvania (which had been the temporary capital of the USA while Washington, D.C., was being built). When the Adams family moved into the White House, the interior of the building was not quite finished. Construction was completed during Thomas Jefferson's' term (1801-1809).
Across the country, there are many monuments and memorials dedicated to past presidents. Four major cities are named for presidents:Lincoln, Nebraska, Jefferson City, Missouri, Jackson, Mississippi and Madison, Wisconsin. The Washington Monument was built in memory of the first President of the USA. It looks like a very big pencil.
Abraham Lincoln was the sixteen president of the United States.Between the ages of 22 and 27 he was a storekeeper, a postmaster, and a surveyor. In 1836, he became a lawyer in Springfield, Illinois. In 1834 Lincoln was elected to the Illinois state legislature, where he served four two – year terms and became known for his frankness, honesty and ability to tell droll stories. He then served one term in the U.S. House of Representatives – from 1847 to 1849. Lincoln opposed the extension of slavery in an unsuccessful aid for the U.S. Senate in 1858. After much hard work, he was elected President of the United States in 1861, just a few months before the Civil War began. He was the wartime leader of the country. Believing that slavery was wrong, he put forth the Emancipation Proclamation which freed all slaves, in 1863. Later that year, he gave the immortal Gettysburg Address during the dedications of the national cemetery at the site of a great, but costly, Union Victory. Lincoln was the first President to be assassinated. He was shot by actor John Whilkes Booth in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865, while watching a play at Ford’s Theater. Lincoln is considered one of America’s greatest and most loved leaders. It is true that you may fool all the people some of the time, you can even fool some of the people all the time, but you can’t fool all the people all the time. Abraham Lincoln
Mt. Rushmore National Memorial Mt. Rushmore National Memorial is a huge mountain sculpture of four US Presidents, located near Keystone, in the Black Hills of South Dakota. The Presidents depicted are: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. These four Presidents were chosen to represent the founding, growth and preservation of the United States. The work was designed by the sculptor John Gutzon Borglum (March 25, 1871- March 6, 1941).
George Washington Presidential Number: 1stYears he was President: 1789-1797State Represented: VirginiaParty Affiliation: Federalist Fact(s): In May 1775, Washington, one of Virginia's delegates, was elected commander in chief of the Continental Army.PersonalBirthday: February 22, 1732School(s) attended: Did not attend college, but studied at homeWife: Martha WashingtonOccupation(s) before he was President: Planter,farmer, soldierOther way(s) he served: Represented Virginia in the Continental CongressHeight: 6 feet, 2 inchesFavorite Foods: Ice cream, fishHobbies or Sports: Fishing, ridingPets: Horse named NelsonLife in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Horse and carriageHow would he have communicated with his friends? LetterU.S. Population when term began: 3,929,214Number of stars on flag when he left office: 16
John Adams Presidential Number: 2ndYears he was President: 1797-1801State Represented: MassachussetsParty Affiliation: Federalist Fact(s): His son, John Quincy, became president.He was the first Vice President.PersonalBirthday: October 30, 1735School(s) attended: Harvard UniversityWife: Abigail AdamsOccupation(s) before he was President: LawyerOther way(s) he served: Vice President, Ambassador to the Netherlands and Great Britain, represented Massachusetts in the Continental CongressHeight: 5 feet, 7 inchesPets: Horse named CleopatraLife in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Horse and carriageHow would he have communicated with his friends? LetterU.S. Population when term began: 5,308,483Number of stars on flag when he left office: 16
Thomas Jefferson Presidential Number: 3rdYears he was President: 1801-09State Represented: VirginiaParty Affiliation: Democratic-RepublicanFact(s): At age 33, he drafted the Declaration of Independence. He constructed his mountain top home, Monticello.PersonalBirthday: April 13, 1743School(s) attended: College of William and MaryWife: Martha JeffersonOccupation(s) before he was President: LawyerOther way(s) he served: Ambassador to France,Governor of Virginia, represented Virginia in theContinental Congress, Secretary of State, Vice PresidentHeight: 6 feet, 2.5 inchesFavorite Foods: Ice cream, pancakes, spoon breads, vegetablesHobbies or Sports: Fishing, horticulture, riding, violin, walkingPets: MockingbirdsLife in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Horse and carriageHow would he have communicated with his friends? LetterU.S. Population when term began: 5,308,483Number of stars on flag when he left office: 17
Abraham Lincoln Presidential Number: 16thYears he was President: 1861-1865State Represented: IllinoisParty Affiliation: Republican Fact(s): He had to struggle for a living. Lincoln's mom died when he was 9. He loved to read. PersonalBirthday: February 12, 1809School(s) attended: Did not attend college, but read at home. Wife: Mary LincolnOccupation(s) before he was President: Store clerk, rail-splitter, lawyerOther way(s) he served: CongressmanHeight: 6 feet 4 inches, tallest presidentFavorite Foods: Fruit salad, cheese, crackersHobbies or Sports: Walking, wrestlingPets: Horse Life in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Horse and carriage, trainHow would he have communicated with his friends? Letter, telegramU.S. Population when term began: 31,443,321 Number of stars on flag when he left office: 36
Theodore Roosevelt Presidential Number: 26thYears he was President: 1901--1909State Represented: New YorkParty Affiliation: Republican Fact(s): Born and died in New York. First president to ride in a car while president.PersonalBirthday: October 27, 1858School(s) attended: Harvard University, Columbia University Law SchoolWife: Alice Roosevelt, first wife, Edith Roosevelt, second wifeOccupation(s) before he was President: Officer in the National Guard, New York police commissionerOther way(s) he served: Governor of New York, Vice President, Assistant Secretary of the NavyHeight: 5 feet, 10 inchesHobbies or Sports: Boxing, hunting, jujitsu, riding, shooting, tennis, wrestlingPets: Macaw, PoniesLife in AmericaHow would he have traveled? CarHow would he have communicated with his friends? Telephone, typed letter. telegramU.S. Population when term began: 75,994,575Number of stars on flag when he left office: 46
Harry S Truman Presidential Number: 33rdYears he was President: 1945-1953State Represented: MissouriParty Affiliation: Democrat Fact(s): He was a captain in World War I. He was Vice President for Franklin Roosevelt.PersonalBirthday: May 8, 1884School(s) Kansas City Law SchoolWife: Bess TrumanOccupation(s) before he was President: Soldier, bank clerk, farmerOther way(s) he served: US Senator, Vice PresidentHeight: 5 feet, 9 inchesHobbies or Sports: Piano, swimming, wrestlingLife in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Airplane, CarHow would he have communicated with his friends? Telephone, lettersU.S. Population when term began: 151,325,798Number of stars on flag when he left office: 48
John F. Kennedy Presidential Number: 35thYears he was President: 1961-1963State Represented: MassachusettsParty Affiliation: Democrat Fact(s): He liked to swim. He represented Massachusetts in the House of Representatives and the Senate. PersonalBirthday: May 29, 1917School(s) attended: Harvard UniversityWife: Jacqueline KennedyOccupation(s) before he was President: Journalist, authorOther way(s) he served: Served in Navy, Congressman, U.S. SenatorHeight: 6 feetFavorite Foods: New England clam chowder Hobbies or Sports: Sailing, swimming, footballPets: PoniesLife in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Helicopter, airplane, carHow would he have communicated with his friends? Telephone, typed letterU.S. Population when term began: 179,323,031Number of stars on flag when he left office: 50
William Clinton Presidential Number: 42ndYears he was President: 1993-2001State Represented: ArkansasParty Affiliation: Democrat Fact(s): He was the only president from Arkansas. He played the saxophone. While in high school, he once met President John Kennedy in the White House.PersonalBirthday: August 19, 1946 School(s) attended: Oxford University, Yale Law SchoolWife: Hillary ClintonOccupation(s) before he was President: Lawyer, law professor, State Attorney GeneralOther way(s) he served: Governor of ArkansasHeight: 6 feet, 2 inchesHobbies or Sports: Golf, jogging, saxophone, footballPets: Dog, a chocolate labrador retriever named Buddy and a cat named Socks.Life in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Helicopter, airplane, carHow would he have communicated with his friends? Letters, phone, emailU.S. Population when term began: 281,421,906Number of stars on flag when he left office: 50
George W. Bush Presidential Number: 43rdYears he was President: 2001-PresentState Represented: TexasParty Affiliation: Republican Fact(s): Likes baseball. First President to begin serving in the 21st Century. PersonalBirthday: July 6, 1946 School(s) attended: Yale University, Harvard UniversityWife: Laura BushOccupation (s) before he was President: Businessman, owner of major league baseball teamOther way(s) he served: Governor of TexasHeight: 5 feet, 11 inchesFavorite Foods: Mexican foodHobbies or Sports: Baseball, reading and bikingPets: Dogs, Scottish Terriers Barney and Miss Beazley. He has a cat named India "Willie"Life in AmericaHow would he have traveled? Helicopter, airplane, carHow would he have communicated with his friends? Letters, phone, emailU.S. Population when term began: 281,421,906Number of stars on flag when he left office: 50
Do you know…? The only bachelor president to occupy the White House was James Buchanan. The heaviest president was William Taft? Who weighed between 300 and 340 lbs.
At the age of 69 Ronald Reagan was the oldest person elected president. John F. Kennedy was the youngest elected at 43. Portraits of various presidents have appeared on United States currency and coins for many years. In a poll of over 2,000 coin collectors, taken in 1995, two former presidents ranked first and second as the most popular persons to have their likeness appear on future U.S. coins. They are Ronald Reagan and Harry S. Truman.
Only one president has been elected to two non-consecutive terms. Grover Cleveland served as the 22nd president, and again as the 24th president. The 42 men who have occupied the White House have fathered a total of 150 children; 61 girls and 89 boys. John Tyler, the 10th president, was the father of 15 children.
The youngest person to become president was Theodore Roosevelt, who, as vice-president, took over the office when William McKinley was assassinated. Roosevelt was 42 years of age. Among the professions of the men who have risen to our nation’s highest public office, 27 were lawyers, 6 were soldiers, 6 were farmers, 3 were teachers, 3 were businessmen, 1 was a tailor, 1 was an editor, 1 was an author and 1 was an actor.***The average age of all the presidents on the day of their inauguration is 55 years.
The only person to become president without having been elected vice-president or president is Gerald Ford, who took over the office when Richard Nixon resigned. Ford was appointed vice-president when Nixon’s first vise-president, Spiro Agnew, resigned.
William Henry Harrison, Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, James Madison, Zachary Taylor, Martin Van Buren, and George Washington.
Three presidents died on July 4th; they were John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died on the same day, July 4, 1826. One president, Calvin Coolidge, was born on July 4th.
John Adams, the second president, was the father of the sixth president, John Quincy Adams. Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president, was the grandson of the ninth president, William H. Harrison. William H. Harrison served the shortest time in office of any of our presidents. Only one month after being elected, he died in office. The longest time served in office is held by Franklin Roosevelt. He was elected to four consecutive terms, and served slightly more than 12 years, before dying in office. Across the country, there are many monuments and memorials dedicated to past presidents: Lincoln, Nebraska, Jefferson City, Missouri, Jackson, Mississippi and Madison, Wisconsin.