Rules of the road BEING A GOOD PEDESTRIAN AND SAFE CYCLIST
READ THE WORDSpedestrian – пешеходroad sign – дорожный знакpavement – тротуарpath, pathway – тропинка, дорожкаto cross – переходитьsubway – подземный переходfootbridge – пешеходный мостикkerb – край тротуараshoulder – обочинаstrip – лента, полосаto overtake – обогнатьfile – ряд, колоннаtraffic lights – светофорto brake – тормозитьto release – освободить, отпуститьrailway crossing without bar – железнодорожный переезд без шлагбаума
BEING A GOOD PEDESTRIANThere are many things you can do to be a safe pedestrian and stay safe on the street. Here are some rules for pedestrians:Find a safe place to cross the road – if there is a subway, footbridge or crossing – use it!Look and listen carefully for traffic - cars could be coming from any direction.
BEING A GOOD PEDESTRIANIf traffic is coming, let it go past - do not cross until there is a safe gap and you have plenty of time to cross safely.When it is safe, go straight across the road - do not run and keep looking and listening carefully as you cross the road.Stop just before you get to the kerb -make sure you can see clearly, but don’t get too close to the road.
BEING A GOOD PEDESTRIANAlways walk in the middle of the pavement - so that if you lose your balance you won’t fall into the road.If there is no pavement – walk on the shoulder of the road facing on-coming traffic. Walk one behind the other.At night always wear white or light-coloured clothing and reflective materials or strips.
BEING A GOOD PEDESTRIANLook at these next pictures. Who is crossing the road safely and who is crossing the road dangerously?Can you explain what these characters are doing wrong?
Exercise 1 Complete this story by filling the blank spaces with the correct word from the list. Dark, roads, school, reflective, pavement, safely, pedestrian crossing Inez is walking to school with her friend Harry. They have had lessons in road safety at _ _ _ _ _ _ and know that to stay safe they should always walk on the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ wherever possible. They have to cross two busy _ _ _ _ _ on their journey but always make sure they cross _ _ _ _ _ _ at a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. In winter when it is _ _ _ _ they wear _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ clothing so that other road users can see them.
Exercise 1 Inez is walking to school with her friend Harry. They have had lessons in road safety at school and know that to stay safe they should always walk on the pavement wherever possible. They have to cross two busy roads on their journey but always make sure they cross safely at a pedestrian crossing. In winter when it is dark they wear reflective clothing so that other road users can see them.
BEING A SAFE CYCLISTThere are many things you can do to be a safe cyclist, both before you set off and when you are riding.
BEING A SAFE CYCLISTWearing the right safety clothing when cycling is very important.Can everybody who wears a helmet when they ride their bike put their hands up?
RULES FOR CYCLISTSTry to use cycle paths wherever you can. If you cannot use a cycle path, ride carefully on the right-hand side of the road. Make sure that vehicles can overtake you but do not ride too close to the pavement.Always ride single file.Never ride with an MP3 player on.
RULES FOR CYCLISTSNever use your mobile phone when you are cycling.Remember: road signs and traffic signals apply to ALL road users – including you.Always wear a cycle helmet, even if you are not cycling on the road. Plan your route before you go, using cycle paths as much as possible.
Exercise 2 Imagine you are riding your bicycle and you have to stop at the traffic lights. Put the following steps in the right order to stop safely. Slow down BrakeSee the red lightPut your foot on the groundRelease the brake lever
Exercise 3. Try to match the correct meaning to each signNo entryCycle laneNo turn rightNo cyclingRoute shared with pedestriansRailway crossing without bar
QUICK QUIZ1) When cycling you should always wear:a) A helmetb) Bright or reflective clothingc) Both of the above.
QUICK QUIZ2) If you have had training, where should you ride your bike?On a cycle path or the right hand side of the roadIn the middle of the roadOn the pavement
QUICK QUIZ3) What are these people doing wrong?Wearing helmetsCycling next to each otherWearing trainers
QUICK QUIZ4) What must you do before you go anywhere on your bike?Check your tyres and brakesPlan your routeBoth of the above
QUICK QUIZ5) What is this girl doing wrong?Listening to musicWearing a green jumperSmiling
Well done everybody. Have fun cycling and stay safe!!