A symbol is something which represents an idea. The purpose of a symbol is to communicate meaning. Every country and nation has places , sights or buildings that can be used as their symbols. Here are the most known and popular symbols that describe the three biggest countries:
THE NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF GREAT BRITAIN
ST PAUL’S CATHEDRAL
The Houses of Parliament The building is actually called the Palace of Westminster, but is more commonly known as the Houses of Parliament. They are the home of the British Government. The building contains 1200 apartments. Among them are the House of Lords and the House of Commons. When the House is in session a Union Jack (the flag of the UK) flies from the Victoria tower by day and a light burns in the Clock Tower by night.
THE NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF THE USA
One of the famous symbols of the USA is the Statue of Liberty. It is a gift from the French government to the United States.
The statue of Liberty is a woman who holds a torch up high. She symbolizes a welcome to a land of freedom. It was put up in New York Harbor in 1886.
The White House
The American Bald Eagle is the national symbol of the country. It symbolizes each individual’s independence and strength. It was officially adopted in June 20, 1782.
THE NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF RUSSIA
The Kremlin The Kremlin is a historic fortified complex at the heart of Moscow. It overlooks the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Red Square to the east and the Alexander Gardens to the west. Its red brick walls and 20 towers were built at the end of the 15th century.
The Spasskaya Tower. The Kremlin includes four palaces, four cathedrals and the Kremlin Wall with towers. The most famous is the Spasskaya Tower. It is also the symbol of Russia and Moscow. It has a famous clock; one can hear the clock on the radio. The Kremlin is the official residence of the President of Russia.
ST. BASIL’S CATHEDRAL
The birch tree.
Questions to answer: What are the most famous national symbols of Great Britain? What is Big Ben? Who built St. Paul’s Cathedral? What is there in the basement of the cathedral? What is the Palace of Westminster ? How many rooms are there in the Houses of Parliament? What is on the Victoria Tower when Parliament sits?
Questions to answer (2): What national symbols of the USA can you name? How did the Statue of Liberty appear in New York? Where is the Capitol? How long has the White House been the residence of the President? Which bird symbolizes freedom and independence in the USA?
Questions to answer (3): Can you think of any Russian national symbols? What is the most visited place in Moscow? Do you know why Red Square is called “red”? What can you see on Red Square? How many towers has the Kremlin got? What is the Spasskaya Tower famous for? Why was St. Basil’s Cathedral built? What is there in front of it? Do you know who these people were? What is the most popular tree in Russia?
WELL DONE! THANKS!
Источники информации: www.wikipedia.org УМК Верещагиной И.Н.. Афанасьевой О.В. для 5 класса