ГБОУ СПО МК №6 ДЗМ Тема: « Молодежные субкультуры. Youth subcultures»По дисциплине иностранный язык (английский)Выполнила: Пчёлина Л.Г.
Why this presentation is useful for you You’ll learn some new English words and word combinations on the theme “Youth subcultures“ for their further use in speaking, reading, and writing.You’ll read the text and you will be able to use the new material in your practice.
Words youth – молодежь, молодежныйsubсulture - субкультурa recent – современный, последнийfashion – модаmainstream - общепринятыйto accept - приниматьviews – взгляды clothes – одеждаto express – выражaтьimpolite - невежливыйto realize – осознать urban - городской
Do you know anything about urban subсultures of the youth? It is generally held that subсulture is the сulture of those who are dissatisfied with their place in society. On the whole Teds, Mods, Ro- ckers, Bikers, Skinheads and Punks are the subсultures of the politically or economically weak segments of the society.
What do recent subсultures protest against? As it known, recent subсultures reflect a refusal to conform in post-1945 society. For example, the subсulture of Rastafairians was based on nostalgia for a lost world. They idealized Africa.
Who were Rastafairians? Rastafairians were Afro-Caribbean immigrants in Britain. They dreamed of golden age in Africabefore the slave traders came. They viewedBritain as part of the Biblical “Babylon”, the landof slavery, and Africa especially Ethiopia as the “Promised Land”. These Rastafairians began towear distinctive clothes, camouflage jackets, large hats in the red, gold and green colours of Ethiopia and put their long, uncut hair in “dread-locks”. They took to speaking in a special “patois” ordialect. Rastafairians were defiant until they became arecognized and legitimate minority group in Great Britain at the end ofthe 1980.
What made the greatest impact on the development of urban subсultures ? Black music which came to Britain through theRastafairians made its impact on urban sub-cultures. Such types as ska, reggae and “Hip-hop” evolved in the Caribbean and the UnitedStates, developed in Britain during the 1970,came to Russia in the 1990. In Britain reggaemusic is held as powerful expression of dissidents. In our country reggae is the music ofthe teenagers. Many subсultures developed as a result of music fusion of black and white cultures.
Can you give an example of such fusion? Skinheads developed in the 1970 in England out of an older cult, the Mods. They imitatedblack mannerism and fashion and danced to reggae. At the same time the white teenagers who loved the music and copied the clothes of the Afro-Asian immigrants were violent to them.They wore heavy boots, jeans and braces, andshave their hair or cut it very short. They aggressively sought to recover a crude workingclass identity which their parents’ generation had largelyabandoned. In the main, Skinheads dreamed about the revivalof the traditional working class culture. Now this movement is in decline in Britain but it flourishes in East European countries andRussia. The Skinheads in Great Britain were identified with extreme rightwing views.
What can you say about Hippies? Hippies belonged to the opposing young peopleof the late 1960. Their forms of protestcorresponded to the standards of their contem-poraneous society. Coming against the war in Vietnam the young Americans, who associatedthemselves with Hippies, established their com-munes. The movement spread throughoutEurope. Hippies led a primitive life in their owncountries and then moved to the East. Theyrebelled against the values of their society. Their idol wasJ.R.R. Tolkien, who created the fairy tale of the 20-th century.His epic trilogy “The Lord of the Rings” became the guidelines forHippies.
What do you know about Punks? As far as I know, Punks appeared in Britain in the 1970 as a reaction to the glamour of the pop star world of the 1960. Punks, like the Skinheadsare regressive, but inactive and politically indif-ferent. Their real attraction to the young hasBeen their ability to insult middle aged opinionespecially among the guardians of social values.They have done it by using vulgar language, wearying green and pink hair, dressing in tornclothes, mutilating their bodies with safety pins. Now Punks are in decline in Britain but are popular in our country.Punks, Skinheads and Rastafairians, each in their own way assertedthat they resided in a world, as they understood it, alienated by classand race. Generally they were young people with low self respect, who didpoorly at school. Joining a gang was a means of finding a status. They opposed the traditional world in which they were settled as fiasco elements.
Are there other cults within urbansubculture? Yes, there are. “Heavy metal” is one of them. This music of failure is widely despised by those who enjoy pop, reggae or soul. Unlike otherrebel cults the followers of heavy metal behavethem selves as victims. They wear gothic scriptand grinning sculls, expression of disheartenedinterests. It is known that cults arise anddisappear over periods of a decade or two. Ragga Gothic arose in the 1980. Raggas are American inspired. They are clothed in baseball caps, tracksuitstrousers and chunky trainers. Gothic is a blend of 1970 Punk and 1960 Hippies. “Goths” wear their hair very longand dyed black, and dress in cheap, loose clothes. They put on make up, looking very pale with cosmetics around the eyes. They are notaggressive and seem to feel nostalgia for the youth culture and music of the 1960.
Are there other cults within urbansubculture? At the end of the 1980 Acid House was a fashionable subculture. It fascinated thousandsjuveniles who had not earlier belonged to a cult.Acid House guaranteed fun and all night dancingIt had its own music which was another variationon black music from America (“House Music”).By the 1990 this movement was also in decline.It is interesting to note that subcultures follow acycle. At first they shock then provoke a strongresponse. As soon as the subculture gains momentumit magnetizes youth in search of rebel unity. Many adoptit for fun and play at rebellion in their leisure time. The subculture rapidly ceases to express serious dissent.In the end it becomes another recognized and colourfulpart of urban culture
What can you say about Goths ? As punk faded, they became a culture in their own right. With startling white make-up, blackor purple hair, black lipstick and fingernails, these people certainly stand out in the crowd.They see the world as a dark place and like itthat way.
Fill in the blanks with missing letters and read the words
Copy the words and match them with the translation GothsPunksHippiesSkinheads“Heavy metal”subсulturerecentfashionto acceptviewsclothesto expressurbanyouthсубкультураготыскинхедыпанкихиппимодасовременный, последний металлистымолодежьгородскойодеждаприниматьвыражать взгляды
Check yourself GothsPunksHippiesSkinheads“Heavy metal”subсulturerecentfashionto acceptviewsclothesto expressurbanyouthготыпанкихиппискинхедыметаллистысубкультурапоследний, современныймодаприниматьвзглядыодеждавыражатьгородскоймолодежь
Read the texts find a title to each text among the names of groups in: Goths, Punks, Hippies, “Heavy metal”, Skinheads. 1. They are opposed to the values, norms and materialism in the society. They express this in loud and violent music, lyrics which frequently contain oppositional themes (anti -romantic love songs, anti-parents, anti-police, etc.), strange clothing and hair of unusual colours.2. As punk faded, they became a culture in their own right. With startling white make-up, blackor purple hair, black lipstick and fingernails, these people certainly stand out in the crowd.They see the world as a dark place and like itthat way.
Check yourself 1. Punks2. Goths
Share your opinions on the following questions. Would you be interested in joining any of these groups? Why / why not?What is easier: to join a group or to leave it? Why?3. Do you become different or stay the same when you join a group?