Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt - German physician, physiologist and psychologist. Generallyknown as the founder of experimental psychology. Less well known as a major figure in social psychology, but his last years were marked by Wundt's psychology of the peoples , which he understood as the doctrine of the socialbasis of the higher mental activities.
Wundt tried to understand the human mind by studying the component parts of the human mind, as well as the study of complex chemical substances is divided into itsconstituent elements.
Thus, the psychology of Wundt presented by science, similar to the physics and chemistry, in which consciousness is a set of shared and identifiableparts.
The principles of psychology as the study of building a direct experience of consciousness, including feelings, emotions, volitions and ideas, using the method ofintrospection, and introspection.
In the last years of his life Wundt focused on social and cultural psychology, and beforehis death wrote a fundamental 10-volume work "The psychology of peoples"