Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu 21. stol. INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky.
Geography of Great Britain The official title: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Basic Facts The UK is made up of: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland Numerous smaller islands: the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, the Scilly, Orkney, Shetland, Hebridean archipelagos. The UK is an island in Western Europe just off the coast of France, separated by the English Channel The Channel Tunnel links the UK with France lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea
The UK is bordered by four seas 1/ English Channel - separates it from continental Europe 2/ to the east by the North Sea 3/ to the west by the Irish Sea 4/ and the Atlantic Ocean
The Land Scotland and Wales are the most mountainous parts of the UK the Pennine run down the centre of northern England coastal areas are low-lying - regularly flood during heavy rain Most of the UK is made up of gently rolling hills such as Dartmoor (south-west of England) or the Mourne Mountains (Northern Ireland)
England the largest country of the UK, covers over 50,000 square miles only 35 km from France mostly low-lying land, with hills and agricultural land the north is mostly covered in moorland and mountains (Dartmoor, Exmoor) Capital City: London Major Cities: Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield
Highest point: Scafell Pike 978 m (part of the Cumbrian Mountains in North West England = known as Lake District) Longest river: Thames (346 km) Largest Lake: Windermere a long coastline of 3,200 km
Scotland capital is Edinburgh a mountainous country south - border with England, east -the North Sea, west - the Atlantic Ocean Highest point: Ben Nevis (1,343 m) famous for its loch lakes, clans, kilts, medieval castles Major Cities: Aberdeen, Dundee, Glasgow Famous Scots: Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Hume and the actor Sean Connery.
Wales a mountainous country borders – east: England, south: the Bristol Channel, west: St George's Channel,north: the Irish Sea Capital City: Cardiff Highest point: Snowdon 1085 metres Longest river:Towy (Tywi) 103 km Largest Lake: Bala
The Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland Capital City: Belfast Highest point: Slieve Donard mountain 848 m Longest river: River Bann 129 km Largest Lake: Lough Neagh Giant´s Causeway - the North East coast, interlocking basalt columns - result of an ancient volcanic eruption
Lakes the largest lake – Northern Ireland, Lough Neagh Other major lakes: Windermere in the English Lake District Loch Lomond in Scotland - famous for sightings of a mythical monster 'Nessie'
UK Rivers not very long, the longest river The Severn (338 km) - beginning in Wales and entering the Atlantic Ocean near Bristol in England Other major rivers: the Thames which flows through Oxford and London the Trent and Mersey rivers
Climate the surrounding sea gives England a varied climate, in general mild the Gulf Stream (a warm current of the northern Atlantic Ocean difficult to predict the weather- climate changing from day to day In general warm summers and cool winters. Summers are cooler than on the continent, but the winters are milder. July and August are normally the warmest month in England. February is normally the coldest month
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.