Тема урока: Florence Nightingale Цели урока: обучающие: - развитие навыков изучающего и поискового чтения; - формирование навыков устной речи на базе прочитанного текста; развивающие: - развивать познавательную активность учащихся и расширять их кругозор; - развивать умение работать в группе и самостоятельно; воспитывающая; - воспитывать у учащихся сочувствие и желание помогать другим. 900igr.net
Florence Nightingale (1820-1910)
meaningless eventually terrifying overcrowded clothing properly dedication famous influential consultant
Crimean (Crimea) filthy ( filth) unventilated (ventilated) bedding ( bed) clothing ( cloth) basic ( base) medical (medicine) unsanitary (sanitary) available (avail) caring (care) celebrity (celebrate) nursing (nurse) important (import) ninety ( nine)
- First try to answer these questions. Where was Florence Nightingale born? Was her family rich or poor? Did Florence want to marry and have a family? In 1854 England, France and Turkey went to war against Russia. She went to the front. Why? Why did she go to Crimea? Soldiers died in the thousands from their wounds, didn’t they? Why did the soldiers die in the thousands? Can you prove it?
True or False sentences. Florence Nightingale was born in 1812. Her family was not poor. Florence wanted to marry and have a family. Her parents didn’t want her to become a nurse. The English government sent her to Crimea to take care of the British soldiers. When she arrived, she found thousands of ill and wounded soldiers living in unsanitary conditions. She worked very hard looking after her patients. After the war Florence Nightingale established a hospital for soldiers. She changed medical care forever.
Finish the sentences choosing the correct ending 1. Florence Nightingale was born… a) to a poor family b) to a working class family c) to a rich family 2. She wanted to become… a) a soldier b) a doctor c) a nurse 3. The Crimean War began… a) in 1828 b) in 1854 c) in 1919 4. Florence Nightingale decided to go to Crimea… a) to fight b) to look after the patients c) to live in filthy conditions
5. The hospitals were … a) crowded and dirty b) big and new c) crowded but ventilated 6. Florence Nightingale became known as “ the Lady with the Lamp” a) for her dedication to Crimea b) for carrying a lamp c) for caring for her patients 7. News of her hard work filtered back to London and she became… a) rich b) famous c) a doctor 8, After the war she wrote a book… a) about the Crimea War b) nursing c) her family
List the events below in the order they happened. After the war Florence established a school for nursing. Soldiers needed everything: food, beds, clothes. News of her hard work reached London. Florence Nightingale was born to a wealthy family. She died in 1910 at the age of ninety. She decided to become a nurse and help the sick and the poor. When she returned to London she was the most famous person in Britain after Queen Victoria. Her parents didn’t want her to become a nurse. In her later years Florence suffered from ill health. Florence cleaned up the hospital and looked after the patients. Ill and wounded soldiers lived in filthy conditions. After the beginning of the Crimean War she volunteered to go and help.
The key 1. Florence Nightingale was born to a wealthy family. 2. She decided to become a nurse and help the sick and the poor. 3. Her parents didn’t want her to become a nurse. 4. After the beginning of the Crimean War she volunteered to go and help 5. Ill and wounded soldiers lived in filthy conditions. 6. Soldiers needed everything: food, beds, clothes. 7. Florence cleaned up the hospital and looked after the patients. 8. News of her hard work reached London. 9. When she returned to London she was the most famous person in Britain after Queen Victoria. 10. After the war Florence established a school for nursing. 11. In her later years Florence suffered from ill health 12. She died in 1910 at the age of ninety.
Florence Nightingale was born on 12 May, 1820, into a very rich family in Florence, Italy. She was named after the city of her birth.
Her parents were William Edward Nightingale, born William Edward Shore and Frances ("Fanny") Nightingale née Smith. William's mother Mary née Evans was the niece of one Peter Nightingale, under the terms of whose will William inherited his estate Lea Hurst in Derbyshire, and assumed the name and arms of Nightingale. Fanny's father (Florence's maternal grandfather) was the abolitionist William Smith.
She got a very good education. She knew music, art, literature, Latin and Greek. She fluently spoke Italian, French and German. But ever since she was a child, she had nursed the villagers and the sick dogs and cats and horses round her home and wanted to be a professional nurse. Florence with her sister Frances Parthenope
Nightingale continued her travels (now with Charles and Selina Bracebridge) as far as Greece and Egypt.
She read books on nursing, reports of medical societies, histories of hospitals. She spent some time working as a nurse in hospitals in France and Germany. Finally she became superintendent of an Establishment for Gentlewomen during Illnesses in Harley Street, the fashionable street of London’s most famous doctors.
As a young woman Florence felt that God had called her to help others. She wanted to be a nurse but her parents did not want her to become one. In those days, nursing was a career with a poor reputation, filled mostly by poorer women, who followed the armies. In fact, nurses were equally likely to function as cooks.
She disobeyed her parents and trained as a nurse. Nightingale’s career in nursing began in 1851, when she received four months training in Germany.
After Nightingale returned to England, she devoted herself to medical reforms and wrote about the importance of sanitation and diet for good health. She also wrote Notes on Nursing. It was written specificially for the education of nursing at home. Now this book is considered a classic introduction to it.
She established the Nightingale School and Home for training nurses at St. Thomas's Hospital in London in 1860. She spent the rest of her life promoting the establishment and development of the nursing profession and organizing it into its modern form.
In 1907, Nightingale became the first woman to be awarded the Order of Merit. In 1908, she was given the Honorary Freedom of the City of London. Her birthday is now celebrated as International CFS Awareness Day. The Order of Merit
It is a medal instituted by the International Committee of the Red Cross. It is the highest honour in the nursing profession. The Florence Nightingale Medal is awarded to people who distinguish themselves, in times of peace or war, by showing exceptional courage and devotion to the wounded, sick or disabled.
A statue of Florence Nightingale stands in Waterloo Place, Westminster, London, just off The Mall. Statue of Florence Nightingale in London
There are three statues of Florence Nightingale in Derby — one outside the London Road Community Hospital formerly known as the Derbyshire Royal Infirmary, one in St. Peter's Street, and one above the Nightingale-Macmillan Continuing Care Unit opposite the Derby Royal Infirmary.