Автор проекта: Толмачева В., ученица 10 кл. Руководитель: Анисимова Н.В., учитель английского языка МОУ Стрелецкой сош 900igr.net
Соединенное королевство Великобритании является одной из немногих стран в мире, в которой сохранилась конституционная монархия. На протяжении многих десятков лет страной правит обаятельная леди королева Елизавета II.
В истории человечества женщина проявляла себя не только как мать, жена и сестра, но и как талантливый и мудрый правитель. Гипотеза: Женщина-политик – это возможно?
Цель: познакомить с личной жизнью королевы Елизаветы II; Задачи: Изучить биографию королевы Елизаветы II; представить интересные факты из жизни королевы и ее семьи.
Ход исследования Ее величество королева Елизавета II Замужество и семья Коронация Елизаветы II Деятельность монарха Интересы королевы
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN The present British sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II. Queen Elizabeth is one of the Windsors. The dynasty inherited the Crown in 1917.
Elizabeth was born in London on 21 April 1926, the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York, subsequently King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Five weeks later she was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary in the chapel at Buckingham Palace. HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN
Education Princess Elizabeth was educated at Home with Princess Margaret, her younger sister. After her father succeeded to the throne in 1936 and she became heir presumptive, she starter to study constitutional history and law. She also studied art and music; learned to ride( she has been a keen horsewoman since early childhood); and enjoyed amateur theatricals and swimming.
MARRIAGE AND FAMILY In 1947 the Princess's engagement to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten was announced. The couple, who had known each other for many years, were married in Westminster Abbey on 20 November 1947. Lieutenant Mountbatten, now His Royal Highness the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburg, was the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and a great – great – grandson of Queen Victoria.
MARRIAGE AND FAMILY The Royal couple had four children, and so far have six grandchildren. Prince Charles, now the Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the throne, was born in 1948, and his sister, Princess Anne, now the Princess Royal, two years later. Their grandchildren are Peter and Zara Phillips ( b. 1977 and 1981); Prince William of Wales and Prince Henry of Wales( b. 1982 and 1984); and Princess Eugenie of York ( b. 1988 and 1990). The Royal couple had four children, and so far have six grandchildren. Prince Charles, now the Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the throne, was born in 1948, and his sister, Princess Anne, now the Princess Royal, two years later. Their grandchildren are Peter and Zara Phillips ( b. 1977 and 1981); Prince William of Wales and Prince Henry of Wales( b. 1982 and 1984); and Princess Eugenie of York ( b. 1988 and 1990).
ACCESSION AND CORONATION After her marriage Princess Elizabeth paid formal visits with the Duke of Edinburgh to different countries. In 1948 her parents – the King and Queen – celebrated their Silver Wedding. King's health was getting worse. The last major public occasion that he and the Queen attended together was the opening of the Festival of Britain in May 1951. In 1952, King George VI, s illness forced him to abandon his proposed visit to Australia and New Zealand. The Princess, accompanied by Prince Philip, took his place. On 6 February 1952, during their journey in Kenya, she received the news of her father's death at Sandringham and her own accession to the throne. Her Majesty's coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953.
WORK AS MONARCH The Queen and Prince Philips make visits to other countries at the invitation of foreign Heads of State. Since her coronation, the Queen has also visited nearly every county in Britain, seeing new developments and achievements in industry, agriculture, education, the arts, medicine and sport and many other aspects of national life. As Head of State, the Queen keeps up close contact with the Prime Minister, with whom she has a weekly audience when she is in London, and with other Ministers of the Crown. Her Majesty acts as host to Heads of State of Commonwealth and other countries when they visit Britain, and receives other notable visitors from overseas. As Sovereign, Her Majesty is head of the Navy, Army and Air Force of Britain. The Queen is Patron or President of over 700 organisations.
HER INTERESTS Her Majesty takes a keen and Highly knowledgeable interest in horses. She attends Derby at Epsom, one of the classic flat races in Britain, and the Summer Race Meeting at Ascot, whish has been a Royal occasion since 1911. As an owner and breeder of thoroughbreds, she often visits other race meetings to watch her horses run.
Вывод: Жизнь королевы Елизаветы II доказывает, что женщина способна совмещать обязанности жены, матери, бабушки и мудрого, разностороннего политика. Женщина и политика – это реально. Гипотеза подтвердилась.
Информационные источники: www.publish.diaspora.ru www.allabout.ru photo.peoples.ru www.russianmalta.ru Е.Костина «О соединенном королевстве Великобритании и Северной Ирландии», 2003 г.