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Презентация на тему: Daniel Defoe Robinson Crusoe


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Презентация на тему: Daniel Defoe Robinson Crusoe


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№ слайда 2 His father, a butcher, was wealthy enough to give his son a good education. Dani
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His father, a butcher, was wealthy enough to give his son a good education. Daniel was to become a priest in the Nonconformist Church, but when his training was completed, he decided to engage in business as a hosier. It was his cherished desire to become wealthy, but his wish was never fulfilled. His father, a butcher, was wealthy enough to give his son a good education. Daniel was to become a priest in the Nonconformist Church, but when his training was completed, he decided to engage in business as a hosier. It was his cherished desire to become wealthy, but his wish was never fulfilled.

№ слайда 3 Daniel Defoe was the founder of the early bourgeois realistic novel and the fath
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Daniel Defoe was the founder of the early bourgeois realistic novel and the father of English periodicals. “The Review which he founded in 1704 and conducted until 1713, is regarded as the first English newspaper. It paved the way to the magazines “The Tatler “ and “The Spectator”.

№ слайда 4 When the Protestant King William III was placed on the throne(1689), Defoe start
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When the Protestant King William III was placed on the throne(1689), Defoe started writing pamphlets praising his policy. Due to the fact that William III was supported by the Whig party, he was continually attacked by the Tories. When the Protestant King William III was placed on the throne(1689), Defoe started writing pamphlets praising his policy. Due to the fact that William III was supported by the Whig party, he was continually attacked by the Tories.

№ слайда 5 Defoe wrote a pamphlet in defence of the Dissenters, in which he attacked the To
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Defoe wrote a pamphlet in defence of the Dissenters, in which he attacked the Tories and the established Church. Defoe wrote a pamphlet in defence of the Dissenters, in which he attacked the Tories and the established Church. The author was sentenced to seven years’ imprisonment.

№ слайда 6 In order to disgrace him, the Tories subjected Daniel Defoe to a cruel punishmen
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In order to disgrace him, the Tories subjected Daniel Defoe to a cruel punishment: he had to stand in the pillory in a public square with his head and hands in stocks. People gathered round him and cheered him while he stood there, women threw flowers to him, and when the time came for him to be set free, people carried him from the square on their shoulders. In order to disgrace him, the Tories subjected Daniel Defoe to a cruel punishment: he had to stand in the pillory in a public square with his head and hands in stocks. People gathered round him and cheered him while he stood there, women threw flowers to him, and when the time came for him to be set free, people carried him from the square on their shoulders.

№ слайда 7 That was the climax of his political career and the end of it. That was the clim
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That was the climax of his political career and the end of it. That was the climax of his political career and the end of it. Later Daniel Defoe became the editor of the magazine which supported his former enemies, the Tories. After Queen Anne’s death, when the Whigs came to power, Defoe began to serve them again.

№ слайда 8 In 1719, Daniel Defoe tried his hand at another kind of literature – fiction, an
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In 1719, Daniel Defoe tried his hand at another kind of literature – fiction, and wrote the novel which brought him world-wide fame –”The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe”. In 1719, Daniel Defoe tried his hand at another kind of literature – fiction, and wrote the novel which brought him world-wide fame –”The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe”. After the book had been published Defoe became famous and rich and was able to pay his creditors in full. Now he wrote for four public magazines and received a regular sum of money from the government.

№ слайда 9 Besides “Robinson Crusoe”, Daniel Defoe wrote some more novels which were popula
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Besides “Robinson Crusoe”, Daniel Defoe wrote some more novels which were popular during his lifetime, but we do not hear much about them now. Besides “Robinson Crusoe”, Daniel Defoe wrote some more novels which were popular during his lifetime, but we do not hear much about them now. They are: “The Life of Captain Singleton”, “The Fortunes and Misfortunes of Moll Flanders”, “The History of Colonel Jack,”’ “A History of Lady Roxana”. In 1729, while at work on the book “The Complete English Gentleman”, Defoe fell ill and in two years’ time he died.

№ слайда 10 Books about voyages and new discoveries were extremely popular in the first quar
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Books about voyages and new discoveries were extremely popular in the first quarter of the 18th century. A true story that was described in one of the magazines, attracted Defoe’s attention. It was about Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor, who had quarreled with his captain and was put ashore on a desert island near South America where he lived alone for 4 years and 4 months. Books about voyages and new discoveries were extremely popular in the first quarter of the 18th century. A true story that was described in one of the magazines, attracted Defoe’s attention. It was about Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor, who had quarreled with his captain and was put ashore on a desert island near South America where he lived alone for 4 years and 4 months. In 1709 he was picked up by a passing vessel.

№ слайда 11 At the beginning of the story the hero is an inexperienced youth, who develops i
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At the beginning of the story the hero is an inexperienced youth, who develops into a strong- willed man, able to withstand all the hardships.Robinson Crusoe’s most characteristic trait is his optimism. He is an enthusiastic worker and always hopes for the best. At the beginning of the story the hero is an inexperienced youth, who develops into a strong- willed man, able to withstand all the hardships.Robinson Crusoe’s most characteristic trait is his optimism. He is an enthusiastic worker and always hopes for the best.

№ слайда 12 Robinson Crusoe is very practical. The beauty of the island has no appeal to him
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Robinson Crusoe is very practical. The beauty of the island has no appeal to him, he regards the island as his personal property. He is proud to be master of it. Robinson Crusoe is very practical. The beauty of the island has no appeal to him, he regards the island as his personal property. He is proud to be master of it. He believes in God and in the hand of Providence. In desperate moments he turns to God for help. The other central character is Friday. He is intelligent, generous and skilful. He is portrayed as a kind-hearted man.

№ слайда 13 The novel stirs the imagination of people of all ages and all times. The book is
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The novel stirs the imagination of people of all ages and all times. The book is a glorification of human labour, a triumph of man over nature. It is not only a work of fiction, an account of adventures, a biography; it is a study of man in relation to labour, to nature, to private property. The novel stirs the imagination of people of all ages and all times. The book is a glorification of human labour, a triumph of man over nature. It is not only a work of fiction, an account of adventures, a biography; it is a study of man in relation to labour, to nature, to private property. Daniel Defoe was a true writer of the Enlightenment. He introduced the common man as the key-character of his novel. The story is told in the first person; this produces the impression that the author himself lived through all the adventures described by him.

№ слайда 14 Кукурян И.Л., “An Outline of English Literature”, М., изд-во МГУ, 1997г. Кукурян
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Кукурян И.Л., “An Outline of English Literature”, М., изд-во МГУ, 1997г. Кукурян И.Л., “An Outline of English Literature”, М., изд-во МГУ, 1997г. Волосова Т.Д., Геккер М.Ю.,”English Literature”, ч.1., М., изд-во «Просвещение», 1977г. Иллюстрации: http:// dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ruwiki/842465 http://www.twcenter.nt/forums/showthread.php?t=327171 http://ruslit.com.ua/russian_classic/defo_d http://hapala.ru/news/2790 http://poetree.ru/new/ http://hubpage.com/hub/Top-10-Novels-Ive -Read-in-Pictures http:www.cosmovisions.c http://public.fotki.com/zileivebl/robinson-crusoe http://www. allposters.com/-st/book-Illustration-posters-c108179_p26-htm

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