CHRISTMAS IS IN THE AIR Authors: Jane Nickitina John Pavlov
CRISTMAS STOCKING One of the favourite holidays inGreat Britain is Christmas. People are very busy on Christmas Eve. They go shopping, buy tasty food,make roast turkey, mince pies, a pudding. Children make or buy Christmas cards and send them to the relatives, write letters toSanta Claus asking him to bepolite,kind to everybody , helpold people and prepare sto-ckings for Christmas presents.
CHRISTMAS LETTER On Christmas Eve English childrenletters to Santa Claus. In the lettersthey tell Santa Claus what they wantfor Christmas and promise to begood in the coming year. For example, Dear Santa! My name is Linda. I am normally nice to my parents. I really want anew bicycle for Christmas. Will yougive me, Santa? Linda Higgins.
CHRISTMAS PUDDING In Britain, this popular des-sert is surrounded by manysuperstitutions. It is saidpuddings should be pre-paired with 13 ingredientsto represent Christ andhis Disciples. Putting a silver coin in thepudding is another ageold custom that is saidto bring wealth, health,happiness to the luckyperson who finds it.
HOLLY Holly is an evergreen plant withsharppointed leaves and redberries . You know alreadythat people put holly on Chist-mas pudding. They also use holly to decoratetheir homes. It is a very oldtradition. Long ago people beganto put holly in their homes du-ring the dark cold winters. They liked to look at holly and thinkabout the spring and the sun.
MISTLETOE Mistletoe is an evergre-en plant with small le-aves and small white berries. On ChristmasEve there is a bunchof mistletoe in every house. Under this bunch boys kiss girls.
CANDLES On Christmas Eve people like tolight candles . If there are childrenin the family, they often have Christ-mas crackers. They pull a cracker, itmakes a bang.
MINCE PIES Сhristmas foodneeds explaining.Mince pies todayare not made from meat as they once were,but contain raisins, currants.Children like these sweet pies.
WAITS Waits are a group of singerswho sing carols. They singcarols, for example, in frontof a Christmas tree. In small towns and villages waits often come and stand in frontof the house and sing ca-rols. They receive money fortheir singing.
CHRISTMAS SUPERSTITUTIONS If the wind is blowing onChristmas Day, you are in for a good year.If you want to have good health throughout the nextyear, eat an apple on Chrismas Eve.If a baby is born on Christ-mas Day, it will have a specialfortune .
TURKEY The Christmas bird,nowdays usually aturkey, is being pre-pared and stuffed,the pudding is in-spected and the cakeis got out of its tin and iced.
BOXING DAY Boxing Day comes afterChristmas Day.It is on the 26 th of December. People visit friends or tothe theatre andgive presents.
SANTA CLAUS This jolly fellow gets his name from a man as known as St. Nicholas. St. Nicholaslived In Western Asia and was a Bishop and gave his wealth to the poor children. In England Father Christ –mas was known as far back as the 15 th century. NowFather Christmas depositshis gifts by night in thehouses, unseen and unbeard.
POEMS TO ENJOY CHRISTMAS MESSAGEI heard the bells on Christmas DAY Their old familiar carols play And wild and sweet the words repeatOf peace earth, good will to MEN.
YULETIDE Juletide begins in the middle of December and ends on the 6 th of January. All the children like this wonderful time.
CHRISTMAS AT OUR SCHOOL There is a tradition to have a big holiday connected with Christmas at our school. It is celebrated on the 25 th of December. Children wear masks, sing songs, dance, recited poems about winter, Christmas. They eat puddings, chocolates.
OUR CONCLUSIONS So we have touched the topic “Christmas In England”. Now we know that Christmas is the biggest and the most favourite holiday for Englishmen. We have found out a lot of interesting things about traditions, customs of this holiday in the family, at school e.t.c. Finally we know that this holiday is similar to our chuvash holiday ”SURHURI” and at the same time they have some differences too.This material deepens and enlarges our knowledge in Linquistics and the country.
LITERATURE . ‘FOREIGN LANGUAGES AT SCHOOL’ STUDENTS BOOKS. PICTURES DRAWN BY PUPILS . INTERNET.