When Europeans explored Canada they found all regions occupied by native peoples they called Indians, because the first explorers thought they had reached the East Indies.
The Huron-Wendat of the Great Lakes region, were farmers and hunters.
The Cree and Dene of the Northwest were hunter-gatherers.
The Sioux were nomadic.
The arrival of European traders, missionaries, soldiers and colonists changed the native way of life
European exploration began in earnest in 1497 with the expedition of John Cabot.
Canada was taken for France in 1534 by Jacques Cartier.
French explorers by the end of the 17th century had explored the Great Lakes.
In 1713, Newfoundland, Hudson Bay, and Nova Scotia were lost to England.
During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), England extended its conquest, and the British general James Wolfe.