History in Brief Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century.Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901.The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World War 1 and 2.In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy.
CanberraPopulation -323,056 (8th )Area -805 sq. kmCanberra is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Australia.The city is located at the northern end of the Australian capital Territory. As the seat of the government of Australia, Canberra is the site of Parliament House, the High Court of Australia and numerals government departments and agencies. It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the National Gallery of Australia and the National Museum of Australia.
National library Parliament HouseNational Museum of Australia (2001)National Hospital
Canberra School of ArtShopping CentreThe Floriade flower festival attracts many tourists each spring.Telstra Tower
SydneyPopulation - 4,119,190 (1st )Area -12144sq.kmEstablished -26 January 1788Sydney is the most populous city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales.Sydney is located on Australia’s south-east coast.Its nickname is “the Harbour City”It is Australia’s largest financial centre. Sydney’s leading economic sectors include property and business services, manufacturing, tourism, media ,health, and community services.The World Famous Bondi Beach on a Winter Day
Sydney UniversityCentral BusinessDistrictSydney Opera House
The Chinese Garden of Friendship
Sport and outdoor activitiesSport in Sydney is an important part of the culture. Sydney has many natural areas even within the city centre: Chinese Garden of Friendship, Hyde park, the Domain, and the Royal Botanic Gardens. There are many netball, field hockey, ice hockey, cricket and golf teams in Australia. Canberra also has numerous sporting ovals, golf courses, skate parks, tennis courts and swimming pools that are open to the public.Canberra’s largest stadiumWinter sports in Australia are sailing, rowing and water skiing.
Flora & FaunaThe Red KangarooThe Spotted Quoll isa carnivorous marsupialThe Koala. It doesn’t normally need to drink, because it can obtain all the moisture it needs by eating leavesThe DingoEmu is thesecond largestspecies of bird.
The Saltwater CrocodileBlue-tongued lizardThe Poisonous Cane ToadThe Eastern Banjo FrogThe Wolf SpiderGoanna
Spotted WobbegongThe Grey Nurse SharkThe Weedy Sea Dragon,a fish related to pipefish and seahorses,Is found in the waters around Southern AustraliaThe Dugong is an endangeredspecies ;the largest remaining population is found in Australia waters.
Gang-gang CockatooThe Bird in the park
Culture of AustraliaNational Gallery In Australia
The Australian currencyAustralia was the first country in the world to have a complete system of bank notes based on plastic.Australia’s currency consists of coins of 5,10,20,and 50 cent and 1 and 2dollar denomination; and notes of 5,10,20,50,and 100 dollar denomination.dollars
Работа выполнена учителем английского языка Петра – Дубравской СОШ муниципального района Волжский Самарской области Аввакумовой Татьяной Игоревной .Цель : создание иллюстративно-информационного пособия , необходимого при изучении темы «Australia»Задачи : тренировка лексики по теме; развитие навыков устной речи , чтения и аудирования; расширение кругозора учащихся.