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Презентация на тему: АНТИДЕПРЕСАНТЫ


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Презентация на тему: АНТИДЕПРЕСАНТЫ


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№ слайда 1 Psychoactive substances and drugs. Antidepressants Zvereva Mila school of pharma
Описание слайда:

Psychoactive substances and drugs. Antidepressants Zvereva Mila school of pharmacy

№ слайда 2 Overview  10700 y.a. – The betel nut was chewed in Thailand  7000 y.a.
Описание слайда:

Overview  10700 y.a. – The betel nut was chewed in Thailand  7000 y.a. – Coca was being used in the Andes   Before European contact – Native Americans used tobacco

№ слайда 3 Legality The resolution of the government of Russian Federation N 681 (30.0
Описание слайда:

Legality The resolution of the government of Russian Federation N 681 (30.06.1998) 1) list I: mescaline and its derivatives, hashish, heroin, marijuana, methadone, MMDA, opium, psilocybin , psilocin, ephedrine, etc. 2) list II: codeine, cocaine, morphine, ethylmorphine, omnopon, fentanyl, promedol, etc. 3) list III: barbital, nitrazepam, diazepam, taren, etc. 4) list IV:ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, acetone, sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, potassium permanganate, acetic acid, etc.

№ слайда 4 Mechanisms and effects Agonists: increasing the synthesis of one or mo
Описание слайда:

Mechanisms and effects Agonists: increasing the synthesis of one or more neurotransmitters reducing its reuptake from the synapses mimicking the action by binding directly to the postsynaptic receptor Antagonists: interfering with synthesis blocking postsynaptic receptors

№ слайда 5 Mechanisms and effects
Описание слайда:

Mechanisms and effects

№ слайда 6
Описание слайда:

№ слайда 7 Addiction psychological dependence  physical dependence
Описание слайда:

Addiction psychological dependence  physical dependence

№ слайда 8 Usage Anxiolytics Example: Benzodiazepine Euphoriants Example: MDMA&nb
Описание слайда:

Usage Anxiolytics Example: Benzodiazepine Euphoriants Example: MDMA (Ecstasy), MDA, 6-APB, Indopan Stimulants ("uppers") Examples: amphetamine, caffeine, cocaine, nicotine Depressants ("downers"), including sedatives, hypnotics, and narcotics. Examples: ethanol (alcoholic beverages), opioids,  barbiturates,  benzodiazepines Hallucinogens, including  psychedelics, dissociatives and deliriants Examples: psilocybin, LSD, Salvia divinorum and nitrous oxide

№ слайда 9 Ritual and spiritual
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Ritual and spiritual

№ слайда 10 Recreation alcohol –in most areas of the world it is legal for those over a
Описание слайда:

Recreation alcohol –in most areas of the world it is legal for those over a certain age tobacco – a legal drug cannabis caffeine - a legal drug, contained in coffee, tea, energy drinsks, and some soft drinks MDMA cocaine  amphetamines – prescribed for ADHD psilocybin mushrooms  LSD –banned in October 1968 by US President Lyndon B Johnson. opiates and opioids – available by prescription. tranquilizers – barbiturates, benzodiazepines - commonly prescribed for anxiety nitrous oxide - legal ketamine – used by paramedics in emergency situations for its  dissociative  and  analgesic qualities amyl nitrite – a vasodilator (legal) other drugs (antidepressants, tranquilizers, analgesics, etc)

№ слайда 11 Pharmacoyherapy Anesthesia Pain management Mental disorders
Описание слайда:

Pharmacoyherapy Anesthesia Pain management Mental disorders

№ слайда 12 Depression and Antidepressants Key facts: Depression is a common mental disorder
Описание слайда:

Depression and Antidepressants Key facts: Depression is a common mental disorder. Globally, more than 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and is a major contributor to the global burden of disease More women are affected by depression than men At its worst, depression can lead to suicide There are effective treatments for depression

№ слайда 13 Drugs used for the treatment of depression: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibit
Описание слайда:

Drugs used for the treatment of depression: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) Atypical antidepressants Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) St. John’s wort ( Hypericum perforatum)

№ слайда 14 Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, SSRIs Citalopram (Celexa)  Escital
Описание слайда:

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, SSRIs Citalopram (Celexa)  Escitalopram (Lexapro)  Fluoxetine (Prozac)  Paroxetine (Paxil)  Sertraline (Zoloft)  Vilazodone (Viibryd) Vortioxetine (Brintellix)

№ слайда 15 Serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, SNRIs Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq)&nbs
Описание слайда:

Serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, SNRIs Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq)  Duloxetine (Cymbalta) Venlafaxine (Effexor, Effexor XR) Levomilnacipran (Fetzima)

№ слайда 16 Other Antidepressants Bupropion (Wellbutrin) Mirtazapine (Remeron, Remeron SolTa
Описание слайда:

Other Antidepressants Bupropion (Wellbutrin) Mirtazapine (Remeron, Remeron SolTab) Trazodone (Desyrel, Oleptro)

№ слайда 17 Tricyclic antidepressants, TCAs Amitriptyline (Elavil)  Desipramine (Norpra
Описание слайда:

Tricyclic antidepressants, TCAs Amitriptyline (Elavil)  Desipramine (Norpramin)  Imipramine (Tofranil)  Clomipramine (Anafranil)  Nortriptyline (Pamelor)  Protriptyline (Vivactil) Doxepin (Sinequan, Silenor) Trimipramine (Surmontil)  Amoxapine  

№ слайда 18 Monoamine oxidase inhibitors,MAO Is Selegiline transdermal patch (Emsam) Tranylc
Описание слайда:

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors,MAO Is Selegiline transdermal patch (Emsam) Tranylcypromine (Parnate)  Phenelzine (Nardil)  Isocarboxazid (Marplan)

№ слайда 19 Herbals Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort)
Описание слайда:

Herbals Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort)

№ слайда 20 The End
Описание слайда:

The End

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