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Презентация на тему: The to-infinitive or -ing form


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Презентация на тему: The to-infinitive or -ing form


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№ слайда 1 THE TO-INFINITIVE OR –ING FORM GRAMMAR REFERENCESBalabanova Olga, school N 6, Ap
Описание слайда:

THE TO-INFINITIVE OR –ING FORM GRAMMAR REFERENCESBalabanova Olga, school N 6, Apatity

№ слайда 2 The to-infinitive is used1.To express purpose.He went to university to become a
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used1.To express purpose.He went to university to become a lawyer. (in order to become)to - infinitive

№ слайда 3 The to-infinitive is used2. after certain verbs (agree, appear, decide, expect,
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used2. after certain verbs (agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, plan, promise, refuse etc).He refused to pay the bill.to – infinitive

№ слайда 4 The to-infinitive is used3. after certain adjectives (happy, glad, sorry etc).Sh
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used3. after certain adjectives (happy, glad, sorry etc).She was happy to win the prize.to- infinitive

№ слайда 5 The to-infinitive is used4. After I would like/would love/ would prefer to expre
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used4. After I would like/would love/ would prefer to express specific preference.I’d like to see the manager.to – infinitive

№ слайда 6 The to-infinitive is used5. After certain nouns.What a surprise to see him there
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used5. After certain nouns.What a surprise to see him there!to – infinitive

№ слайда 7 The to-infinitive is used6. After too/enough constructionsHe’s too young to have
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used6. After too/enough constructionsHe’s too young to have his own car.He’s clever enough to do the crossword.He’s got enough money to live on.to - infinitive

№ слайда 8 The to-infinitive is used7. With: it + be + adjective (+ of + noun/pronoun).It w
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used7. With: it + be + adjective (+ of + noun/pronoun).It was generous of him to offer 1000$.to – infinitive

№ слайда 9 The to-infinitive is used8. With so+adjective+as.Would you be so kind as to help
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used8. With so+adjective+as.Would you be so kind as to help me move the sofa?to – infinitive

№ слайда 10 The to-infinitive is used9. With “only” to express an unsatisfactory result.She
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used9. With “only” to express an unsatisfactory result.She came in only to find Bob had left.to - infinitive

№ слайда 11 The to-infinitive is used10. After: be + the first/second etc/next/last/best etc
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used10. After: be + the first/second etc/next/last/best etc.He was the last to come to work.to – infinitive

№ слайда 12 The to-infinitive is used11. In the expression: for + noun/pronoun + to –inf.For
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used11. In the expression: for + noun/pronoun + to –inf.For him to be so rude was unforgivable.to – infinitive

№ слайда 13 The to-infinitive is used12. In expressions such as: to tell you the truth, to b
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is used12. In expressions such as: to tell you the truth, to begin with, to be honest etc.To be honest, I don’t like him.to – infinitive

№ слайда 14 The to-infinitive is usedNote: If two infinitives are joined by “and” or “or”, t
Описание слайда:

The to-infinitive is usedNote: If two infinitives are joined by “and” or “or”, the “to” of the second infinitive can be omitted.I want to call Mr Jones and fax or post him a letter.to – infinitive

№ слайда 15 The –ing form is used1. After certain verbs (admit, anticipate, appreciate, avoi
Описание слайда:

The –ing form is used1. After certain verbs (admit, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, consider, continue, delay, deny, discuss, enjoy, escape, excuse, fancy, finish, forgive, go(physical activities), imagine, involve, keep,(=continue), mention, mind, miss, object to, postpone, practice, prevent, quit, recall recollect, report, resent, resist, risk, save, stand suggest, tolerate, understand etc).They discussed selling the company.Let’s go jogging!I’d rather go sailing.

№ слайда 16 The -ing form is used2. After: dislike, enjoy, hate, like, love, prefer to expre
Описание слайда:

The -ing form is used2. After: dislike, enjoy, hate, like, love, prefer to express general preference.She dislikes painting. (In general)Note: Like + to-inf = it’s good ideaI like to wash my hair every day- Ing - ing - ing - ing - ing

№ слайда 17 The –ing form is used3. After: I’m busy, It’s no use, It’s (no) good, It’s (not)
Описание слайда:

The –ing form is used3. After: I’m busy, It’s no use, It’s (no) good, It’s (not) worth, what’s the use of, can’t help, there is no point (in), can’t stand, have difficulty (in), in addition to, as well as, have trouble, have a hard/difficult time.He can’t stand being treated like a slave.He had difficulty finding his way back.- Ing - ing - ing -ing - ing

№ слайда 18 The –ing form is used4. After: spend/waste (time, money etc).He spends his free
Описание слайда:

The –ing form is used4. After: spend/waste (time, money etc).He spends his free time (in) digging the garden.- Ing - ing - ing - ing - ing

№ слайда 19 The –ing form is used5. After prepositions. He left the shop without paying so h
Описание слайда:

The –ing form is used5. After prepositions. He left the shop without paying so he was accused of stealing.- Ing - ing - ing - ing - ing

№ слайда 20 The –ing form is used6. As a noun.Walking is good exercise.- Ing - ing - ing - i
Описание слайда:

The –ing form is used6. As a noun.Walking is good exercise.- Ing - ing - ing - ing - ing

№ слайда 21 The –ing form is used7. After: look forward to, be/get used to, be/get accustome
Описание слайда:

The –ing form is used7. After: look forward to, be/get used to, be/get accustomed to, object to, admit (to) etc.I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.Ing - ing - ing - - ing - ing

№ слайда 22 The –ing form is used8. After: hear, listen, notice, see, watch to express an in
Описание слайда:

The –ing form is used8. After: hear, listen, notice, see, watch to express an incomplete action, an action in progress or a long action. I saw Tim doing his homework. ( I saw part of the action in progress. I did not wait until he had finished.)- Ing - ing - ing - ing - ing

№ слайда 23 But: hear, listen, see, watch + infinitive without “to” express a complete actio
Описание слайда:

But: hear, listen, see, watch + infinitive without “to” express a complete action, something that one saw or heard from begging to end.I saw Tim do his homework. It took him an hour. (I saw the whole action from beginning to end.) hear, listen , see, watch

№ слайда 24 THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO IS USED1. After: most modal verbs( can, must, will etc
Описание слайда:

THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO IS USED1. After: most modal verbs( can, must, will etc). You can leave now if you want.2. After: had better/would rather.I’d rather not go out tonight.3. After: make/let/see/hear/feel + object. They made him pay for the damage.4. “know” and “help” are allowed by to-infinitive or an infinitive without to.I’ve never know him (to) be so mean. 5. But: in the passive: be known, be helped + to-infinitive. She was known to have worked as a teacher. infinitive without to

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