Welcome to Russia Welcome to Russia
Russia — democratic federal prezidentsko-parliamentary Capital — the city of Moscow. Is the greatest state of the world (17 075 400 km ²) The population for 2011 makes 142 914 136 persons.
The head of the state is the President of Russia selected national voting for a period of 4 years. At present the president is-Medvedev Dmitry Anatolievich. It possesses a number of the major powers: supervises over foreign policy, is the Supreme commander in chief Armed forces, appoints with the consent of the State Duma of the Chairman of the government, the decision on Government resignation makes. Under the offer of the Chairman of the government appoints to posts of vice-presidents of the government and federal ministers, and also dismisses them. The president heads Security council, appoints and dismisses command of Armed forces.
Russia is the secular state. The constitution guarantees «a freedom of worship, a freedom of worship, including the right to profess individually or together with others any religion or not to profess any, freely to choose, have and extend religious and other belief and to operate according to them» .
Russia from the XX-th century middle has assigned to itself a rank of sports power. Since the Olympic games in Helsinki of 1952 and till today, Soviet, and later the Russian sportsmen never fell below the third place in general midallion offset among all countries of the world on summer Olympic games. In 1980 Moscow accepted XXII summer Olympic games, and Sochi will accept XXII winter Olympic games in 2014.In Russia following sports are most popular: football, hockey, figure skating, biathlon, boxing, basketball, volleyball, handball, tennis, rhythmic gymnastics, synchronous swimming, chess, weightlifting.
The people of Russia speak more than in 100 languages and the dialects belonging to Indo-European, Altay and Ural language families, Caucasian and to language groups. Among the most widespread spoken languages are allocated Russian, Ukrainian, Belarus, Armenian, Osset and German (an Indo-European language family), Tatar, Chuvash and Bashkir (the Altay language family), Udmurt, Mari (the Ural language family), Chechen, Avarian (the nahsko-Dagestan languages), kabardino-Circassian (abhazo-adygskaja a language family). In 2009 of UNESCO recognized 136 languages in territory of Russia being under the threat of disappearance.
National bylinas, fairy tales, characteristic for the people occupying Russia, have informed to us popular wisdom from depths of centuries. short Russian national song, usually comic maintenance, transferred usually orally. The chastooshka is a folklore element. Nested doll — Russian wooden toy in the form of a painted hollow doll in which there are dolls of the smaller size similar to it. The traditional list of a nested doll often represents country girls in traditional dresses. Recently the possible range of a list is limited by nothing by that, beginning from fantastic characters and finishing the Soviet leaders. This symbol of Russia was born not during ancient times as it is considered to be, and only in 1891 in Abramtzevo .Today the nested doll is one of the most popular souvenirs for foreign tourists in Russia.
As a part of flora of Russia is about 24700 kinds of plants, from which about 11400 kinds — vascular, 9000 — seaweed, 3000 — lichens and 159 — ferns. Are richest with kinds of plants caucasus (6000) and the Far East (1900—2000), is the poorest — the Arctic islands of Siberia (100—150). Woods occupy over 40 % of territory. In territory of Russia there is a fifth part of all woods of the world and half of world coniferous woods. The fauna is various — here live both polar bears, and walruses, both tigers, and leopards, etc. In Russia 35 national parks and 84 reserves are located. Unique in the country the natural park which is in city boundaries — Omska. Russia is washed by 12 seas of the World ocean The largest lake — Caspian sea. From lakes in traditional sense the largest on the area are Baikal (31 722 km ²), Ladoga (17 872 km ²), Onega (9 693 km ²) and Tajmyr (4 560 km ²), and on volume Baikal (23 516 km ³), Ladoga (838 km ³), Onega (292 km ³) and Hantajsky (82 km ³), thus about 96 % of all stocks of lake waters are concentrated only in eight largest lakes, from them of 95,2 % are necessary only to one Baikal. Russia is located in Northern hemisphere, in the north of continent Eurasia. It is washed by waters of Silent and Arctic oceans, and also Baltic, Black, Azov by the seas of Atlantic ocean and Caspian sea, thus possessing the most extended coastal line (37 653 km). The Ural mountains and Kumo-Manychskaja a hollow divide Russia into the European and Asian parts, last includes the North Caucasus, Siberia and the Far East Russia.
The Hermitage in Sankt-Peterburge
Dvortsovo-park ensemble "Peterhof " on the bank of a southern Finnish gulf
«The tsar a bell»in Moscow
Monument «the tsar of a down» in Moscow
The sculpture "the native land calls mother“ in Volgograd
Monument Petr to the first "the copper horseman" in Sankt-Peterburge
Monument a «Millenium Russia» in Novgorod
Monument Pushkin in Moscow
Kremlin in Moscow
Mausoleum Lenina in Moscow
Cruiser an «Aurora»in Sankt-Peterburg