WELCOME TO LONDON
London is a capital city of Great Britain.Over 3 milion people live there. It is situated on The River Thames, divides London into two parts: the East End and the West End. The East End were homes of workers and poor people. In the West End there are the financial and comercial centre with the Bank of England and other important bussines offices.
History London began on two small patches of dry land in the middle of a march on the north bank of the Thames. That was before the Romans came. In Roman times it was named Londinium, and was already a centre of trade. Today London covers a vast area, with millions of inhabitants.
City of London There is the City of London. It is an area of one square mile running along the Thames Embankment from about Waterloo Bridge to Tower Bridge. It is the financial and business centre of Great Britain. About half a million people work there during the day. At night it is almost deserted.
The Tower of London The Tower of London is one of the world’s most famous buildings, and now welcomes two million visitors each year.It has been a palace, a prison, a royal mint and even a zoo! Today the 18 acre riverside site is home to the Crown Jewels, (sometimes popularly known as Beefeaters, who are the traditional guards at the tower) and the legendary ravens.
Tower Bridge Tower Bridge was completed in 1894. Now, in a most imaginative modern development, visitors can once again venture inside the bridge to find one of London's most unusual and exciting attractions, video presentations and interactive computers, are used to bring the bridge to life.
The Houses of Parliament Home of the British Government, the building is actually called the Palace of Westminster, but is more commonly known as the Houses of Parliament.These are the elected House of Commons and the House of Lords, made up of hereditary and life peers
Big Ben Possibly the most famous clock face and chimes in the world, Big Ben is actually the name of the biggest bell (13.5 tons) inside The Clock Tower (320ft) which forms part of the Houses of Parliament.Built in 1858/9 the bell was named after one Sir Benjamin Hall and when it was cast it was Britain’s heaviest bell.
St. Paul’s Cathedral Work on this, the most impressive church in London began in 1675 to a design by SIR CHRISTOPHER WREN. It was built to replace old St Paul's which was destroyed by the GREAT FIRE OF LONDON in 1666. The present building has been luckier. It survived the World War II bombings which flattened a great many of the surrounding buildings.
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace is the London home of The Queen and Prince Philip. Queen Victoria was the first monarch to take up residence here after the architect John Nash transformed it from Buckingham House into a palace
Westminster Abbey An architectural masterpiece of the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries, Westminster Abbey.It has been the setting for every coronation since 1066 and for numerous other royal occasions. Today it is still a church dedicated to regular worship and to the celebration of great events in the life of the nation.
The existence of London depended on its water-born trade which still makes London one of the world’s largest ports. Historical and geographical circumstances have turned London into one of the world’s most important commercial and cultural centre.London has many different faces. There is the West End, a fashionable shopping and entertainment centre, where, mostly, well-to-do people live. There is Mayfair stretching from the West End along Park Lane to Marble Arch.
There are Houses of Parliament built on the banks of the Thames at Westminster. Common people reside in the East End. This is a vast area running eastward from the City.
London Shows examples of building that express all the different areas of its history. Buckingham Palace – is the official London residence of the Sovereign. Whitehall – is a street in central London running from Trafalgar Square to the Houses of Parliament and contains many important buildings and government offices.