Celtic Folkin Musical Heritageof Ireland
The subject of my research is Celtic folk in different historical periods.The objectives of my work are:firstly - to explore the roots of Celtic folk;secondly - to traсe Celtic traditions in Irish folk music in different historical periods;thirdly - to show how Celtic music was changing in these periods;finally - to show the influence of Celtic music on modern Irish music.
During the First Millennium BC, Celtic-speaking people occupied a large part of central Europe
Before introducing Christianity the King’s power was under the controle of druids
The Druids were a sort of super-class of priests, political advisors, teachers, healers, and arbitrators among the Celtic tribes.
Bards amused Ireland by their art of singing and playing the harp
In ancient times the harpers were respected, considered to have near-magic powers
The harp is among the chief symbols of Ireland.
In the 17th century the epoch of Irish pipe began.
Fiddlers (violinists) succeeded the poets with harp in the 18th century
The flute is an integral part of Irish traditional music
The tin whistle, which might be called a cousin of the simple-system flute, is also popular.
The accordion spread to Ireland in the 19th centuryIn Irish folk music the guitar is used to accompany singers as well as instrumentalists
Skilled bodhran players are highly prized by most traditional musicians.
We foot it all the nightWeaving olden dances,Mingling hands and mingling glancesTill the moon has taken flight.
To and fro we leapAnd chase the frothy bubbles,While the world is full of troublesAnd is anxious in its sleep.
The «Chieftains»(1963), whose music is based on the ancient Celtic traditions, celebrated the 45th anniversary this year.
The Dubliners (1962) became very well known, not just in Ireland; they were also pioneers for Irish folk in Europe
Celtic musical traditions live in the music of modern folk groups
«Clann Lir» is the only group, whose repertory completely consists of songs, written on Celtic languages.
My research allows me to make the conclusions: - Celtic folk was formed as comprehension of all musical heritage of Ireland, where Celtic musical tradition was not interrupted and didn't change its form; - Celtic music in all its variety goes on living. It is true to its ancient musical traditions, modern groups only add some new sounding to original music. - Celtic folk has integrated into modern Irish music and become popular.