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WALTER ELIAS DISNEY
DISNEY’S FAMILY Walter Elias Disney was born in Chicago Illinois, to his father, Elias Disney, an Irish-Canadian, and his mother, Flora Call Disney, who was of German-American descent. Walt was one of five children, four boys and a girl.
WORLD WAR I (1914-1918)
LAUGH O'GRAM STUDIO In 1920 Walt took up an interest in the field of animation, and decided to become an animator. Before reading some books, he decided to open his own animation business and recruited a fellow co-worker at the Kansas City Film Ad Company, Fred Harman, as his first employee. They titled their company "Laugh-O-Grams". Walt had started to create The Alice Comedies, which was about a real girl and her adventures in an animated world, Walt ran out of money, and his company “Laugh-O-Grams” went bankrupted.
HOLLYWOOD The early flop of The Alice Comedies inoculated Walt against fear of failure; he had risked it all three or four times in his life. Walt's brother, Roy O. Disney, was already in California, with an immense amount of sympathy and encouragement, and $250. Pooling their resources, they borrowed an additional $500, and set up shop in their uncle's garage. Soon, they received an order from New York for the first Alice in Cartoon land (The Alice Comedies) features, and the brothers expanded their production operation to the rear of a Hollywood real estate office. It was Walt's enthusiasm and faith in himself, and others, that took him straight to the top of Hollywood society.
MICKEY MOUSE In 1928 Walt created a new animated character, Mickey Mouse. His talents were first used in a silent cartoon entitled Plane Crazy. However, before the cartoon could be released, sound was introduced upon the motion picture industry. Thus, Mickey Mouse made his screen debut in Steamboat Willie, the world's first synchronized sound cartoon, which premiered at the Colony Theater in New York on November 18, 1928.
IT IS THE FIRST DISNEY’S DRAWING OF MICKEY MOUSE
WALT’S PRIVATE LIFE On July 13, 1925, Walt married one of his first employees, Lillian Bounds, in Lewiston, Idaho. Later on they would be blessed with two daughters, Diane Marie Disney (December 18, 1933) and Sharon Marie Disney (December 31, 1936 ).
1945–1955: DISNEY IN THE POST-WAR PERIOD The Disney studios also created inexpensive package films, containing collections of cartoon shorts, and issued them to theaters during this period. This includes Make Mine Music (1946), Melody Time (1948), Fun and Fancy Free (1947) and The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949). During this period, Disney also ventured into full-length dramatic films that mixed live action and animated scenes, including Song of the South and So Dear to My Heart. After the war ended, Mickey's popularity would also fade as well.
DISNEY’S DREAM Walt Disney's dream of a clean, and organized amusement park, came true, as Disneyland Park opened in 1955. As a fabulous $17-million magic kingdom, soon had increased its investment tenfold, and by the beginning of its second quarter-century, had entertained more than 200 million people, including presidents, kings and queens, and royalty from all over the globe.
WALT DISNEY’S DEATH In late 1966 Disney was scheduled to undergo neck surgery for an old polo injury. On November 2, 1966, during pre-surgery X-rays, doctors at Providence St. Joseph Medical Center discovered that Disney had an enormous tumor on his left lung. The doctors then told Disney that he only had six months to a year to live. After several chemotherapy sessions, Disney and his wife spent a short amount of time in Palm Springs, California before returning home.
THE WALT DISNEY FAMILY’S MUSEUM The Walt Disney Family Museum was conceived to present the real story of Walt Disney, the man, told by him and others who knew him well. The Museum is located in the Presidio of San Francisco, a former U.S. Army base and now a National Park. The three buildings that house the Museum are on the National Register of Historic Places.
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ИСТОЧНИКИ ИЛЛЮСТРАЦИЙ https://yandex.ru/images/search?text=walter%20elias%20disney%20%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%20%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B2%D1%8B%D0%B5%20%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%83%D0%BD%D0%BA%D0%B8&stype=image&lr=2&noreask=1&source=wiz&uinfo=sw-1366-sh-768-ww-1349-wh-673-pd-1-wp-16x9_1366x768-lt-44&redircnt=1433854991.1
ИСТОЧНИКИ ТЕКСТОВОЙ ИНФОРМАЦИИ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walt_Disney УМК «Английский в фокусе 6»/Ю.Е. Ваулина, Д. Дули, О.Е. Подоляко, В. Эванс – М.: ExpressPublishing: Просвещение, 2012.